Vancouver First Aid offers a number of different first aid and CPR training. New parents should consider taking an infant first aid course to prepare themselves to handle almost any situation with a new born or a young child. Three first aid courses offer comprehensive knowledge, including CPR, for emergencies with children and infants. Standard First Aid is the most comprehensive course which prepares parents by teaching CPR for adults, children and infants including complications such as choking and a wide range of first aid emergencies including allergic reactions, stings and seizures. Childcare first aid is not as comprehensive as standard first aid, however, it covers CPR for infants and children and covers a substantial range of first aid emergencies pertaining to children and infants. Both standard first aid and childcare first aid are excellent courses that we recommend new parents take. Both courses are affiliated with the Red Cross and successful course candidates receive Red Cross certification cards which are valid for up to three years. If new parents are looking to learn only CPR we recommend CPR level C which includes CPR on infants and children. CPR level C is included in both standard first aid and Childcare first aid. For more information about registration or course information select the childcare first aid, CPR-C or standard first aid course in the nearby menu bars.
Vancouver First Aid is also proud to offer an exclusive infant CPR course. In this course, the instructor will come to you and teach you a private lesson in infant CPR. To register check out our infant CPR page. Instructors are available to teach a private course for you or your family on almost any day of the week at almost any time. Instructors will cover the basic skills for CPR and first aid for your infant. Registration is cheap and courses are incredibly convenient.
The information posted in the blog about Strokes is for information purposes only. If you want to learn to recognize and treat a Stroke take first aid training in Vancouver with Vancouver First Aid. Strokes are covered in detail in our Standard First Aid training courses.
Definition: Similar to a Heart Attack, a stroke occurs when the brain does not receive enough blood and oxygen and brain damage ensues. The lack of blood and oxygen can be caused by internal bleeding or by a blockage in a artery that brings blood to the brain.
Victims to strokes often suffer permanent loss of function and mental disabilities from a stroke. Early recognition and treatment can help prevent and promote the recovery of the victim.
Signs and Symptoms of Strokes:
- Weakness and numbness in the face or arm or leg.
- Impaired speech or difficulty speaking.
- Loss of muscle control on one side of the body.
- Difficulty balancing. Balance problems.
- Poor coordination.
- Loss of consciousness.
- Vision problems.
- Difficulty moving / walking.
Treatment for Strokes:
- Contact E.M.S.
- Monitor vitals and keep airway open.
- Help place victim into a comfortable position which is often the semi-sitting position. Rescuer may also place victim into recovery position to assist if there are any airway problems. Stroke side down in recovery position promotes better circulation but can be uncomfortable. Stroke patients often describe that position as feeling as if they are floating in the air. Stroke side up in the recovery position is much more comfortable but does not allow for the same circulation benefits as the stroke side down position.
- Assist the victim to take any medication prescribed by the doctor. Rescuer MAY NOT administer medication but may assist victim in taking medication. DO NOT promote the victim to take medication from another person. Any medication choices may only be made by trained doctors, paramedics or the victim him/herself.
- An unhealthy lifestyle with high blood pressure, high cholesterol and smoking can increase chances of having a Stroke.
- Victim may suffer a T.I.A prior to a stroke as TIA’s may be precursors to a Stroke.
If you want to receive hands on, no pressure training take one of many first aid classes with Vancouver First Aid. Vancouver First Aid is affiliated with the Red Cross and the Lifesaving Society.
The information posted in this blog on heart attacks if for information purposes only. If you want to learn to recognize and treat for heart attacks take a standard or emergency first aid class with Vancouver First Aid.
Definition of Heart Attacks: Heart attacks occur when blood vessels carrying blood to the heart are being blocked. The heart, like all the organs in the human body, require oxygen to function. Without a blood supply carrying oxygen, the heart begins to die. If the heart dies, the human body has no way of supplying itself with blood and oxygen which leads to death. A lifestyle of unhealthy eating, smoking and lack of exercises increases the chances of heart attacks as an unhealthy lifestyles promotes the clogging of the vessels to the heart.
Signs and Symptoms:
- Difficulty Breathing. Shortness of Breath.
- Sweating, flushed skin.
- Chest Pain, pain in the chest area.
- Uncomfortable or pain in the shoulder and arms.
- Anxiety or fear.
- Weak rapid pulse
- Nausea and Vomiting
- Lowered levels of consciousness.
Treatment for Heart Attacks.
- Contact EMS
- Place the victim into a comfortable position which is usually a semi-sitting position. Promote the victim to sit on the floor, because if the victim goes unconscious, any other position can cause injury.
- Loosen tight fitting clothing, especially around the neck and chest.
- Reassure the victim.
- Help the victim take medication if they have it. DO NOT administer the medication for the victim. Nitroglycerin is the most common medication. Erectile Dysfunction medication and blood thinners can cause an unsafe drop in blood pressure.
- If the vicim has no prescribed medication you can advise them to take ASA (ex: Aspirin). Confirm that the victim is not allergic to ASA and if there doctor has told them not to take it. 1 adult ASA or two children ASA’s can be taken. A rescuer can no administer medication and can only advise the victim to take it. Do not substitute an ASA for any other pain medication (ex: Tylenol).
- Monitor victims vitals
- If trained, administer oxygen to the victim.
- Factors such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and smoking increase the chances of having a heart attack.
- Even with a healthy lifestyle, due to genetic reasons, a person may suffer a heart attack.
- Age and heredity have a role in the level of risk a person is to heart attacks (ex: Men are more likely to have a heart attack).
- Signs and Symptoms of a heart attack for women can include many more symptoms. Signs and symptoms for men are usually much more clear.
If you want to learn to recognize and treat for Heart Attacks take one of many first aid courses in Vancouver. Vancouver First Aid offers no-pressure, comfortable and cheap first aid and cpr classes that are affiliated through the Red Cross and Lifesaving Society.
This blog on first aid treatment for Hypothermia is for information purposes only. If you want to learn to recognize and treat hypothermia, take a standard or childcare first aid class (click here to register) through a credible provider such as Vancouver First Aid.
Definition of Hypothermia
Hypothermia is a condition that happens when a victims core body temperature drops below normal and does not allow for proper functioning. This is an enviornmental illness as it occurs in environments of low temperatures.
The causes of Hypothermia are associated with low temperatures. However, environments with more water content at low temperatures cause hypothermia much quicker than environments that are drier at the same low temperature. Water has the ability to cool the human body much faster than air with little humidity (low water content). Victims that are cold and wet or in water that is cold will suffer from hypothermia much faster. Hypothermia is fatal if not treated. If a mild case of hypothermia is untreated it can become fatal.
Signs and Symptoms of Hypothermia:
- Feeling cold
- Lowered levels of consciousness (victim may appear intoxicated)
- Slurred speech
- Cyanosis of lips and fingertips (blue lips and fingertips)
- Pale and or blue in the extremitities
- Disorientation, confusion.
- Drowsy, desire to sleep.
Treatment of Hypothermia:
- Move victim out of cold environment
- Bring victim to a warm environment
- DO NOT rub the victims bod surface.
- Remove wet clothing
- Dry the victim
- Warm the body with blankets, warm drinks or huddling with the victim
- Be wary of the many myths associated with Hypothermia
- Do not give the victim alcoholic beverages.
- Checking the pulse of a victim suffering from Hypothermia can be very difficult as the pulse may slow and be difficult to find.
- Dress appropriately for the weather.
- When leaving to go outside in cold weather, go with someone or tell somebody where you are going and when you will be back.
- Be conscious of Ice. Know your ice safety. When in doubt, stay off of ice.
- Eat plenty of high energy foods. Your body burns a lot of calories when cold. To reduce fatigue eat plenty food and stay hydrated.
The information posted in this blog on Hypothermia is for information purposes only. To learn how to recognize and treat environmental illnesses and injuries take one of the many first aid classes offered by Vancouver First Aid.
This blog on first aid treatment for heat stroke is for information purposes only. If you want to learn to recognize and treat heat stroke take one of many first aid training with Vancouver First Aid.
Definition: Heat Stroke is a condition that occurs when the body is unable to regulate the body’s temperature and the core body temperature begins to rise dangerously. The normal body temperature is 98.6 Fahrenheit. Heat Stroke causes that temperature to rise to dangerous levels causing possible irreparable damage and, in some cases, death.
Signs and Symptoms:
- Typical precursor to heat stroke is heat exhaustion and heat cramps.
- Rapidly rising body temperature.
- Low or no levels of consciousness
- Skin is hot and dry as cooling mechanism is failing or already has failed.
- Pulse is weak and rapid.
- Breathing is weak and rapid.
Treatment for Heat Stroke:
- Contact EMS as heat stroke is a life-threatening emergency.
- Remove the victim from the hot environment.
- Rapidly cool the victims body.
- Cool the victim down as quickly as possible by removing excess clothing, using wet towels over top of the victim, fanning the body and applying cold compresses over the body’s core areas.
- Monitor vitals and provide CPR if necessary.
- Treat for Shock.
- The main difference between heat stroke and heat exhaustion and heat cramps is that the body’s cooling mechanism has begun to fail and the skin is no longer wet but instead hot and dry.
- Heat Stroke can lead to death if untreated.
If you want to receive hands on training, in a fun no-pressure environment take a first aid class with Vancouver First Aid. Our classes are never cancelled and never full. We look forward to meeting you.
The information posted in this blog about first aid for heat cramps is for information purposes only. To learn to recognize and treat for heat cramps take one of many first aid training courses offered through Vancouver First Aid. Heat cramps and muscle cramps are included in the environmental emergencies component of standard first aid training. This topic is covered again in standard first aid re-certifications.
Definition of heat and muscle cramps: Heat cramps are painful and sudden muscle spasms caused by a significant loss of water and salts from prolonged heat exposure or intense perspiration from hard work without adequate fluid and electrolyte intake. Cramps are typically associated with the abdomen, arms and calves but can occur in other areas.
Signs and Symptoms:
- Usually the precursor to heat cramps is heat exhaustion.
- Victim has been in a hot environment.
- Skin is warm/hot and sweating.
- Painful muscular spasms. If the spasms are from over exersion the spasms will be the muscles being overused. Muscles can also be twitching.
- Lower levels of consciousness.
Treatment for heat and muscle cramps:
- Remove the victim from the hot environment and remove excess clothing (for heat cramps)
- Rehydrate the victims body with cool water.
- Stretch the cramp.
- To restore electrolytes and salts, advise the victim to eat.
- Massage the victims cramp along the length of the muscle (for muscle cramps).
- Be sun smart. Avoid prolonged exposure to the sun and wear protective clothing such as hats and sunglasses.
- Exercise smart. Do not excessively overexert yourself. Over Excessive excursion increases likelihood of injury and complications such as heat cramps.
- Stay Hydrated. Drink plenty of fluids and restore electrolyts after and/or during your workout. You need to replace the fluids and salts that have been lost during perspiration.
If you want to learn to recognize and treat heat and muscle cramps take a first aid course in Vancouver with Vancouver First Aid. Our instructors are affiliated with the Red Cross and the Lifesaving society and provide hands-on training in no-pressure affordable classes. We look forward to meeting you.
This blog on first aid for heat exhaustion is for information purposes only. To receive hands on experience, in affordable, comfortable and convenient classes take one of many first aid classes with Vancouver First Aid. This material is covered in the environmental emergencies section of both emergency and standard childcare first aid courses.
Definition: Heat Exhaustion is a reaction that the body undergoes as it is depleted of of water and salts due to sustained heat and sweating. If left untreated the condition can worsen to heat cramps, heat stroke and death. Water is the main cooling mechanism of the body. As the human body perspires, the sweat evaporates and due to latent heat of evaporation, draws significant amounts of heat. When the body’s ability to produce sweat is compromised by excessive heat the body enters heat exhaustion.
Signs and Symptoms:
- Skin is sweating, wet and hot
- Pulse is weak and rapid
- Respiration’s are shallow and rapid
Treatment: Remove the victim from the hot environment. If outside, place the victim in the shade. Cool the victim gradually and remove as much clothing as possible. Cool the body with water and a fan. Using a towel placed in cool water and then placing it on the victim will help cool the body. If nausea is not a problem, give the victim something to drink (water is the best choice). If the levels of consciousness do not improve contact EMS.
- Be Sun Smart. Spending too much time in the sun can lead to Heat Exhaustion and other complications (ex: skin cancer, sun burns, etc.)
- Stay hydrated and wear sun screen. Drink plenty of liquids to help your body maintain its cooly mechanism.
- Wear a hat and protect your eyes with sunglasses.
- Stay in the shade.
If you want to learn to treat heat and exhaustion and other first aid scenarios, take Red Cross First aid training with Vancouver First Aid. We offer no pressure, affordable first aid courses affiliated with the Red Cross and the Lifesaving Society. We look forward to meeting you.
The information posted in this blog about CPR is for information purposes only. The information is current according to the 2005 CPR guidelines and should not be followed if more current CPR guidelines are available. If you want to learn CPR, take a CPR course with Vancouver First Aid, where you will receive hands on training, with up to date standards, at the cheapest prices in the lower mainland.
1. Scene Assessment. The rescuer enters the scene looking for any dangers. A rescuer will look for removable hazards and not removable hazards. In the event when a rescuer finds unremovable hazards he/she will contact EMS. If the hazards are removable, remove the hazards and continue to the next step. As a rescuer you do not want to become a victim. Keep yourself safe at all times. A short, popular rhyme to remember when searching for hazards is “fire, wire, gas or glass”.
2. Check for mechanisms of injury. Could this victim have a spinal injury? If no signs of spinal injury are present continue as normal. The techniques to rescuing a spinal injury victim are not mentioned in this blog. If want to learn these advanced techniques take a CPR course.
3. Check for responsiveness and levels of consicousness. Gently squeeze the victims shoulders while asking if they are ok. The rescuers squeezes the victim while asking in case the victim might have a hearing impairment. If no verbal or physical response is present continue to the next step.
4. Send a bystander to contact EMS. The rescuer will need to stay to continue providing help to the victim, so the best course of action is to send a bystander to contact EMS. Provide the bystander information of the victim including age and level of consciousness (ex: unconsciouss victim). Point at your selected bystander and call out something that they are wearing (ex: “You in the white hat!”) so that they know they have been selected. After asking them to contact EMS, ask them to bring back an AED and someone trained to use it. Make sure to ask your bystander to report back to you and if they understand. We ask them to report back so that we are sure they have contacted EMS. If you are unsure about your bystander select another one. If no bystander is present leave the adult on his/her side (also known as the recovery position) and contact EMS. If AED becomes available, the AED will take precedence over any other part of the rescue.
5. Head-tilt/chin-lift. The rescuer must open the victims airway by tilting the head back gently. With the rescuer on his/her knees, two fingers under the chin and the other palm on the forehead, gently place the victims head back in order to open the airway. This is to unblock the airway from the tongue and allow for easy passage of airway through the victims airway.
6. Look, listen and feel. With the airway open the rescuer must place his/ her ear over the victims mouth (approximately two or three inches away) and listen and feel for breathing. The ear is very sensitive and provides a good sensor to feel and hear for breathing. While listening for breathing, the victim will watch the abdomen and chest for breathing movements. Look, listen and feel for 10 seconds for normal breathing. Normal breathing will allow for 2-3 breaths in those 10 seconds. If breathing is present, place the victim into recovery position and monitor breathing periodically until EMS arrives. If no breathing or no normal breathing is present, continue to the next step.
7. Rescue Breathing. The rescuer will seal the mouth with his or her mouth and give two full breaths. During the breaths the rescuer will pinch the nose, releasing after each breath has been given. The victims airway should be open when providing breaths. Each breath should be delivered over 1 second and should make the chest rise. If available use barrier devices such as pocket pasks with one way valves and gloves.
8. Circulation. After giving two breaths, and the victim remains unresponsive, begin CPR.
9. Landmarking . Expose the vicims chest and landmark between the nipples (on the nipple line) overtop of the sternum. Place one hand overtop of the other hand and lock elbows. Rescuer should be on his or her knees overtop of the victim. Rescuer will perform chest compressions at a pace of 100 chest compressions per minute. Chest compressions will forc the chest approximately 1.5 to 2 inches down or 1/3 to 1/2 of the victims chest. The rescuer will count the chest compressions outloud until he/she reaches 30. After thirty chest compressions, the rescuer will give two breaths as explaind in step number 7.
10. Continue CPR. Rescuer will continue 30 chest compressions to 2 breaths until recuer can not continue due to fatigue, more advanced rescue personal has arrived (EMS) and asked the rescuer to stop, or victim’s condition shows signs of life.
- To remember the right rhthym to chest compressions use the beat of a song such as “Staying Alive” by the Beegees which is 104 beats per minute.
- The AED is a great tool. Turn it on and use it as soon as it arrives when rescuing an adult. Some AED’s provide a rhthym to do chest compressions to.
- The AED will also give a few moments to switch with another CPR rescuer approximately every two minutes.
- The AED will provide straight forward and simple steps for CPR.
- Use as many bystanders as possible for help.
The information provided in this CPR blog is for information purposes only. If you want to receive hands on training with the most recent CPR standards take a Red Cross CPR course with Vancouver First Aid. We look forward to meeting you.
The information in the blog about sprains and strains is for information purposes only. If you want to learn about sprains and strains and receive hands on training, take a standard first aid course in Vancouver with Vancouver First Aid.
The human body’s stucture is created by the bones of the body. Joints are formed were two bones meet and allow for flexibility and movement. A band of strong tissues called ligaments hold the joints together.
A sprain is caused when the tough ligaments are overstretched or overextended. When overextended the muscles surrounding the area tighten to prevent further injury. If the twist, hit or fall that caused the sprain is significant enough, it can cause the bones to move out of place leading to dislocations. DO NOT attempt to place a dislocation back into its proper place. This can cause severe injury and permanent damage in the area.
Repetitive strain injuries (RSI) are associated with repetitive straining of ligaments over prolonged periods of time. Constant repitition of a movement can lead to stress on the ligaments and tissues causing development of repetitive strain injuries. Common repetitive strain injuries are “tennis elbow” and “carpal tunnel syndrome”. The best treatment for RSI is to follow the same treatment as to any strain using “RICE”.
A strain is caused by overstretching or overextension of a muscle. When this occurs, the victim’s muscles in the surrounding area will tighten in order to prevent further harm. The symptoms to strains are exactly the same as for a sprain. Treatment for a strain is the same as for a sprain. Use “RICE” to treat the strain.
Signs and Symptoms of sprains and strains include:
- Discolouration (bruising)
- Difficulty moving the area.
The Treatment to Sprains and Strains is defined by the acronym “RICE”
Rest – to prevent further injury and promote healing, the victim must rest the area.
Immobilize – to prevent further injury, immediately after the injury, immobolize the joint especially when dislocations or possible fractures are involved.
Cold – to reduce the swelling, ice the injured area for 10 to 15 minutes every hour until swelling subsides. This process can take several days. You can make a make shift ice pack by taking a plastic bag, filling it with ice and sealing the bag. To avoid injury or damage to nerves, the victim can place the ice or cold pack within a cloth. Avoid icing or cooling the area for more than 15 minutes.
Elevate – DO NOT ELEVATE the injury if it causes pain or discomfort. However, if there is not pain or discomfort it can promote more healing.
Tell the victim to seek medical attention for a follow-up.
Causes of Sprains and Strains.
- No or poor warm up prior to physical activity
- Poor lifting form when doing exercise or lifting.
- Sudden, quick movements
- Repetitive movments (see RSI’s)
- Sprains can happen throughout the body but are most common at the ankle and wrists.
- Other less popular areas for sprains are: fingers, toes and knees.
- Diagnosis of a sprain cane be made by a physical examination or an x-ray.
- If it hurts, do not move it, it is our body’s way of telling us to not injure the area. Listen to your body.
- Do not place a dislocated joint back into its place. A rescuer without proper training can cause significant damage to the area when placing a joint back in. Contact E.M.S. when a dislocation occurs.
To learn more about sprains and strains take first aid training. In a first aid course, candidates will learn hands on training and learn immobilization techniques for sprains and strains. Take a first aid course today to learn first aid.
To enter the Douglas College bachelor of nursing program, candidates are required to obtain first aid certifications. Douglas nursing students are required to obtain a Standard First Aid certification that is valid within three years. Furthermore, nursing students must obtain a CPR level HCP (Health Care Provider) certification. Vancouver First Aid offers Standard First Aid courses combined with a CPR-HCP (upon candidates request) at special rates. This combined CPR HCP course with Standard First Aid is significantly shorter and cheaper than taking both courses at seperate occasions. Douglas College nursing candidates must have a CPR HCP certificate that is valid within one year.
If nursing students require a standard first aid recertification or a CPR HCP recertification then click on the highlighted text or the links to the courses. Vancouver First Aid offers the cheapest, hands-on, no pressure, Red Cross and Lifesaving Society certifications Standard First Aid and CPR courses in the Lower Mainland. We look forward to meeting you.