When taking a standard, emergency or childcare first Aid course, or any credible first aid course, a good tool to remember all the information is to use acronyms. This post is especially useful for candidate looking to re-certify emergency first aid or standard first aid. Red Cross and Lifesaving Society first aid courses use a variety of teaching and learning methods, including the use of acronyms. Here are a list of popular acronyms, please post comments of any acronyms that may be missing from the list.
First Aid Acronym Definitions:
ABC – Airway, Breathing, Circulation. This is easily the most popular acronym in the world of first aid and CPR. This helps people relate to the simplicity of CPR. CPR and ABC have been partnered for decades. Good likelihood this will be changing in the future.
CHAMPLE – Chief complaint, History, Allergies, Medication, Past pertinent History, Last Meal, Events Prior. This is a well used acronym used in eastern Canada for questions to ask during a secondary survey / History.
EFA – Emergency First Aid. A short acronym for Emergency First Aid courses.
FBOA – Full Body Obstructed Airway. Used to reference to a choking victim with a severe obstruction in the airway. Severe choking.
LOC – Level Of Consciousness. Popular acronym used to state the level of consciousness of a victim.
LOCPRESS – Level Of Consciousness, Pulse, Respiration, Eyes, Skin Color, Skin Temperature. This is a nationally known acronym used during the secondary survey. Extremely popular for both the Red Cross and Lifesaving Society.
PEARL – Pupils are Equal And Reactive to Light. This is an acronym used during the secondary survey to check the pupils of the eye.
PBOA – Partial Body Obstructed Airway. This acronym is used to reference to a victi with a mild obstruction in the airway. Mild choking.
RED – Rest / Reassure, Elevate, Direct Pressure. This acronym is a will fitting acronym for the treatment of cuts and bleeding. What color is blood? RED!
RICE – Rest / Reassure, Ice / Immobilize, Compression, Elevation. This acronym has many variations to it and has changed throughout the past decade. It is popular for treating bruises, sprains and strains.
SAMPLE – Signs and Symptoms, Allergies, Medication, Past pertinent History, Last Meal, Events Prior. This is a popular acronym in western Canadian first aid courses to help candidates memorize questions to ask during a secondary survey / History.
SFA – Standard First Aid. A short acronym for Standard First Aid courses.
WARTS – Warmth, Airway, Rest and Reassure, Treatment, Semi-prone. This a popular acronym for treating Shock. How warts and shock are related is beyond my understanding.
To learn how to apply these acronyms take a First Aid Class with Vancouver First Aid. Learn first aid with Vancouver First Aid, an affiliated partner with the Red Cross and Lifesaving Society.