Acute frontal sinusitis is defined by the buildup of mucus due to inflammation of the sinus. Aside from inflamed frontal sinuses, excess production of mucus can result to poor drainage.
What are the causes?
Generally, various factors can affect the amount of mucus generated and ability of the frontal sinus to drain mucus such as:
- Viruses – the common cold virus is the usual cause of acute frontal sinusitis. Having the cold or flu increases the amount of mucus produced by the sinuses since it makes them more likely to clog and become inflamed.
- Nasal polyps
- Deviated nasal septum
What are the indications?
Above all, facial pain around the forehead and eyes is the usual sign of acute frontal sinusitis. Other signs present might vary depending on the type of infection or inflammation such as:
- Pressure behind the eyes
- Nasal drainage
- Inability to smell
- Mild or high fever
- Cough that is worse during the night
- Sore throat
- Sour or unpleasant breath
Management of acute frontal sinusitis
Generally, the treatment for acute frontal sinusitis is based on the root cause. Since most cases are due to viral infections, a nasal spray or decongestant might be suggested by the doctor to lessen the inflammation, promote mucus drainage and lessen the pressure on the sinuses.
Use over-the-counter pain medications to manage the symptoms. In some cases, provide antihistamines sparingly for its drying effect.
In case the symptoms do not seem to improve within 7-10 days, the causes might be bacterial in nature. The doctor prescribes antibiotics in most cases.
Consequently, in some instances, surgical intervention is necessary if a deviated septum is the cause for acute frontal sinusitis.