Many families who are attached to their pets or individuals who visit friends who have pets might require effective allergy medications. An allergic reaction to animal dander can trigger a variety of respiratory and skin issues that can be corrected by allergy medications. There are some over-the-counter medications that work best for short periods on mild allergy symptoms. The doctor might also prescribe specialized formulas to manage long-term daily exposure to animals.
The commonly used allergy medications are available in a wide array of forms and strengths. These medications control runny nose, breathing and itchiness caused by the histamine in the body. There are allergy medications suitable for animal dander such as liquid, eye drop as well as nasal spray, oral and chewable tablets.
There are also over-the-counter antihistamines such as diphenhydramine that can lead to drowsiness while the newer formulas including loratidine and most prescription medications will not.
Since some antihistamines contain decongestant components, some individuals might need to use a separate dose for the stuffed nose allergy symptoms. For short-term relief for persistent congestion, the individual can opt for over-the-counter decongestant tablets or nasal sprays.
It is important to note that nasal congestion can become worse if the decongestants are utilized for more than 3 days. Those who have high blood pressure or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) must consult a doctor for alternatives to decongestants.
Animal dander can trigger the flare-up of skin allergy symptoms in some children and highly sensitive adults. When it comes to symptoms such as itchiness, reddish rash and skin bumps, topical corticosteroids are recommended. The individual can use an over-the-counter cortisone cream sparingly or consult the doctor for a prescription-strength variety or other ointments.
Mast cell inhibitors
Many individuals favor the milder formula of cromolyn sodium which is an allergy medication that fights the histamine-triggered symptoms using a different mechanism. The over-the-counter nasal spray formulations are relatively safe for young children 2 years old and up. The medication works for shorter periods and should be given at several times throughout the day to manage the allergy symptoms. In most cases, it might take up to 2 weeks of daily usage before the effective strength is achieved.
The inhaled corticosteroids are a form of steroid allergy medications that are safe to use on a long-term basis. The nasal steroids are used for respiratory issues due to animal dander including asthma. For individuals who could not tolerate antihistamines and other medications, oral corticosteroid prednisone is the final option. Both allergy medications should be prescribed by a doctor.