It is important to note that birch trees generate pollen during certain times of the year and are driven by specific weather conditions. The pollen from birch trees is small in size and lightweight, thus they are easily transported via the air. Due to the airborne nature of the birch tree pollen, it can be devastating for those who have allergies to birch trees. Nevertheless, an allergic reaction can be avoided and the symptoms can be readily managed with the help of a doctor.
What are the effects?
Sensitivity to birch tree is triggered by the reaction of the body upon exposure to the pollen in the environment. If an individual has an allergy to birch trees, he/she is most likely susceptible to develop allergies to certain vegetables and fruits, including potatoes, hazelnuts, apples, celery, pears, peaches and carrots. An allergy to fruits and vegetables is also called as oral allergy syndrome.
What are the symptoms?
The allergy symptoms to birch tree pollen are quite common during the spring season when the pollination period starts. Rhinitis and hay fever are often linked with the birch tree pollen. Other symptoms that can manifest include runny nose, sneezing, itchy skin, watery eyes as well as coughing, wheezing and sinus headaches. In addition, the symptoms are usually aggravated during windy and warm days when the pollen is transported via the air.
The doctor can help determine if an individual is allergic to birch trees with the help of a skin prick test. Once diagnosed with the allergy, you can reduce the symptoms by avoiding going outdoors during days in which the birch pollen count is high.
If the individual is required to go outside, he/she must use a face mask especially if the allergy is severe. If possible, avoid opening the doors or windows since pollen can enter the house. In addition, clean the house regularly and shower as often as possible to minimize the pollen inside the house.
An allergy to birch trees, just like with other pollen allergies can be managed with antihistamines or decongestants. Antihistamines work by stopping the allergens from worsening the symptoms by blocking out the histamine. As for decongestants, they work by relieving the nasal and chest congestion.
In most cases, allergy shots are considered if the symptoms persist even after medications were used. Allergy shots or immunotherapy involves administration of the allergens on a weekly basis. The objective of immunotherapy for birch tree allergy is to establish the immunity of the body to the pollen.
Considerations to bear in mind
Other types of trees also pollinate throughout early spring. This is why pinpointing birch tree allergy can be a hard task without a proper diagnosis. The trees include hickory, cypress, maple, oak, elm, western red cedar, sycamore, walnut, poplar and ash. The pollination tends to vary for every year and can be affected by the weather conditions. Individuals who suffer from birch tree allergy experience fewer symptoms during rainy days. Take note that allergic reactions are quite common among those who reside in temperate climates.