An individual who has allergy to mustard is considered as an uncommon type of allergy. The common foods that can trigger an allergic reaction include wheat, fish, soy, shellfish, milk, eggs, tree nuts and peanuts. If the individual develops common allergy-related symptoms after eating mustard or foods that contain mustard, the individual must schedule an appointment with a doctor to determine the possibility of an allergy. When diagnosing mustard allergy, the doctor must determine if the immune system produces immunoglobulin E or IgE antibodies once the body is exposed to mustard upon ingestion or direct contact on the skin.
Are you allergic to mustard?
If an individual is allergic to mustard, the body reacts to the proteins in the food product as if they are dangerous. Even though the proteins are harmless to the body, the immune system overreacts as if it is under attack. The body reacts by producing IgE antibodies which are complex proteins that are released to fight off the mustard proteins. During the production of these antibodies, the mast cells respond by releasing histamine. The histamine causes the swelling and inflammation of the soft tissue, resulting to the common symptoms experienced by an individual during an allergic reaction.
Even though an individual experiences adverse reactions after eating mustard, it does not mean that he/she is allergic to it. Food intolerance is another condition that causes similar symptoms to food allergy. Both conditions are usually confused due to the similar symptoms such as diarrhea, bloating and gas. It is important to note that food intolerance is the malfunction of the digestive system to generate the appropriate enzymes required to digest mustard.
What are the symptoms of an allergic reaction?
A mustard allergy will disturb the sinuses, lungs, skin and digestive tract. Right after eating foods that contain mustard, the sinuses will end up congested and the individual can develop runny nose, postnasal drip or sneezing. The lungs can become inflamed, resulting to shortness of breath, wheezing, difficulty breathing, chest tightness, coughing and other asthma-like symptoms. As for the skin, it can become inflamed and irritated, resulting to redness and swelling. The common skin rashes from an allergy to mustard include hives and eczema.
An effective treatment for mustard allergy is to undergo assessment and avoid consuming foods that contain mustard. If the individual accidentally consumes mustard, you can provide antihistamines can help relieve a minor allergic response such as skin irritation, runny nose and nasal congestion.
In case of severe allergic reactions, it would require an epinephrine shot to counteract the symptoms. Always remember that a severe reaction can be dangerous and even result to death if not treated right away. You can take a course that includes the proper use of an EpiPen so that you are prepared to carry out the appropriate measures during a severe reaction.