An anemia rash might have various causes. It is important to note that certain forms of anemia can trigger the formation of rashes. Oftentimes, the rash is due to the condition itself but in some cases, it might be brought about by complications from treatment of the condition.
Types of anemia rash
- Aplastic anemia – this is a usual cause of anemia rash. This is a rare condition but can become serious. The condition develops on the bone marrow which could not produce adequate new blood cells. The rash strikingly resemble patches of pinpoint red or purple spots that are flat or raised on the skin. The rash typically arise on the arms, neck and legs.
- Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura – this is a rare blood condition that results to formation of miniature blood clots throughout the body. This anemia rash is defined as tiny red or purple spots along with unexplained purple bruising.
- Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria – this is rare hereditary disorder where a genetic mutation causes the body to generate abnormal red blood cells that rapidly break down.
- Hemolytic uremic syndrome – this is a condition where an immune reaction results to the degeneration of the red blood cells.
It is important to note that iron deficiency anemia is a common form of anemia. Those with the deficiency might develop pruritus or itchy skin. In some instances, the treatment for iron deficiency anemia can trigger rashes.
Management of anemia rash
The ideal way to manage anemia rash is to deal with the underlying condition. If the doctor suspects or diagnoses iron deficiency as a cause, they are likely to manifest once iron supplements are started.
As for aplastic anemia, the treatment can be difficult which includes the following:
- Blood transfusion – this helps lessen the symptoms but will not cure the condition. A transfusion of both red blood cells and platelets is given.
- Immunosuppressant drugs – these drugs work by suppressing the damage caused by the immune cells to the bone marrow. This enables the bone marrow to recuperate and produce more blood cells.
- Stem cell transplants – these helps rebuild the bone marrow until it produces adequate blood cells