Anemia develops once there is an issue with the red blood cells. Women who have anemia usually lack enough red blood cells or their blood cells contain low levels of hemoglobin which is the protein responsible for transporting oxygen all over the body.
Based on statistics, women ages 20 up to 49 years old are diagnosed with iron-deficiency anemia which is the most prevalent form of the disorder. Various health conditions are capable of causing the condition which leads to various signs and symptoms among women.
Diminished strength and energy
Many women who have anemia can experience fatigue and weakness since the body could not get enough oxygen from the red blood cells. It is important to note that anemia can also cause the heart to pump harder just to pump enough blood to the body that contributes to the feeling of being tired all the time.
Since the condition often develops in a gradual manner in women, the individual might not notice these symptoms or simply attribute them to another possible cause.
Changes in well-being
Lightheadedness or dizziness can occur among women who have anemia especially if it is caused by blood loss or the level of red blood cells is extremely low. Women who have anemia tend to feel short of breath while exercising, climbing stairs or engaging in physical activities.
It is also common for frequent headaches as well as an erratic or rapid heartbeat to occur. In addition, women with the condition might become increasingly ill-tempered and mentally sluggish than usual.
The diminished level of red blood cells and the strained effort of the heart to compensate can make an individual unusually cold especially the feet and hands. In severe circumstances, there is reduced sensation or numbness in these areas. The body temperature also drops slightly than normal in some cases. Additionally, the skin is pale which is quite evident inside the eyelids.
What to do for severe cases of anemia?
Women who develop abrupt, severe anemia due to loss of blood can experience severe symptoms. In such cases, low blood pressure develops along with difficulty breathing, chest pain and confusion.
Fainting is also common due to low blood pressure. If a woman experiences these severe symptoms, a doctor should be consulted right away.
How to deal with anemia
Always bear in mind that iron deficiency is the most prevalent cause of anemia among women during the childbearing years. Nevertheless, there are other possible causes such as sickle cell disease, bleeding ulcers and ulcerative colitis.
Anemia can also be caused by substantial blood loss. The management of anemia depends on the exact cause. Women diagnosed with severe anemia might require a transfusion of blood. If treatment is not started, anemia can lead to heart issues and even organ damage. This is why it is vital to consult a doctor once anemia is suspected.