There are various types of arthritis with their own distinct symptoms such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia, gout and chronic fatigue syndrome. It is important to note that the symptoms and the treatment are based on the type that the individual has. The initial step in understanding the symptoms is to have the condition properly diagnosed.
What is osteoarthritis?
Osteoarthritis is the most prevalent form of arthritis. This develops once the cartilage in the joints starts to wear out or break down. The joint cartilage is responsible for cushioning the joints and prevents exposure between the bones. As the cartilage wears out, the bone rubs on bone which leads to pain, rigidity and diminished flexibility.
In some cases, the shape of the joint is deformed and more painful with diminished flexibility. This type of arthritis is not linked with flare-ups since it occurs gradually with symptoms of minimal pain and stiffness.
What is fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that triggers systemic pain. Even though not an actual form of arthritis, it is often similar to arthritis. The condition is characterized as a rheumatoid condition since it affects the joints and soft tissues as well as causes chronic pain.
If an individual has fibromyalgia, he/she can suffer from constant muscle pain, sleep disturbances and weakness. During the flare-ups, the individual can also become exhausted yet have insomnia, memory difficulties and sensitivity to light, touch and sound.
What is rheumatoid arthritis?
Rheumatoid arthritis can cause periods of flare-ups and remissions. The initial symptoms include swollen joint lining that result to pain, stiffness, warmth and swelling around the affected joint. This leads to the thickening of the synovium which is a thin coating of tissues lining the joint space.
In most cases, the joint loses its shape and appears deformed. Many have chronic symptoms but can suffer from flare-ups. Take note that these attacks occur along with flu-like symptoms, fatigue, appetite loss, muscle pain, weakness, depression, severe pain and development of nodules.
What is gout?
Gout develops once the monosodium urate crystals accumulate in the joints and tissues. This leads to recurrent attacks that are characterized by inflammation and pain in the affected joint along with lumps under the skin as well as kidney stones. During an attack, the joints appear reddened, warm and swollen along with intense pain.
What is psoriatic arthritis?
Psoriatic arthritis is characterized by the development of itchy reddened patches of skin that have a silvery scale on top. This is quite common on the knees, elbows and the scalp. The toenails and fingernails might separate from the underlying nail bed. There is also cracking and ridging of the nails.
This type of arthritis progresses at a slow manner. Most individuals with this condition usually experience itchiness, reddening and burning sensations as well as lesions that develop around the elbows, knees, hands, scalp, lower back or feet.