Bacterial gastroenteritis occurs if bacteria triggers the infection. Consequently, this results to the inflammation of the stomach and intestines. It can be accompanied by symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting and abdominal cramping.
The condition is generally due to poor hygiene. The infection can also occur after close contact with animals or ingesting food or water contaminated by bacteria.
What are the indications?
The symptoms are based on the bacteria responsible for the infection. The general indications might include:
Furthermore, a doctor must be consulted if the symptoms do not improve after 5 days.
Management of bacterial gastroenteritis
Generally, the treatment for bacterial gastroenteritis is to keep the body properly hydrated and avoid any complications.
For a mild case of bacterial gastroenteritis, it can be managed at home with the following measures:
- Drink more fluids throughout the day especially after episodes of diarrhea
- Eat little and often with some salty foods
- Consume foods or beverages with potassium such as bananas and fruit juices
Avoid fruits, dairy or high-fiber foods to prevent diarrhea from worsening. Over-the-counter drugs that neutralize the stomach acid can fight the infection.
Remember that one is at risk for this type of infection if staying in crowded areas or traveling. It is recommended to wash hands regularly and use a hand sanitizer that contains 60% alcohol to avoid acquiring the infection from others.
Generally, bacterial gastroenteritis typically lasts for 1-3 days. In some instances, the infection can last for weeks and can be detrimental if left untreated.
It is important to seek treatment as soon as the signs of infection are present to prevent it from spreading.