Bacterial meningitis is an infection affecting the tissues and fluids surrounding the brain and spinal cord. Generally, this condition is a serious, dangerous ailment.
If promptly treated, the chances of achieving full recovery is good. In some instances, it can lead to significant issues including damage to the brain or even death.
What are the signs?
Generally, the usual indications of bacterial meningitis include the following:
- High fever and chills
- Light sensitivity
- Stiff neck and back
- In addition, nausea and vomiting occurs
- Rashes with red-colored spots or blotches or purplish discoloration on the skin
- Lastly, severe confusion arises
In severe cases of bacterial meningitis, it can lead to coma and even death. Consequently, this form of meningitis can rapidly develop. If an individual experiences fever, stiff neck and headache, seek medical care right away.
Management of bacterial meningitis
If an individual has bacterial meningitis, hospitalization is necessary. Generally, the doctor prescribes antibiotics for 7-10 days or longer intravenously and orally as the condition settles.
Furthermore, the individual is under close monitoring often in an intensive care unit for 24-48 hours to ensure that the antibiotics are effective, and the individual is getting better. Overall, if treatment is working, the individual can go home after 7 days to finish the antibiotics at home.
If an individual was under exposure to an individual with meningitis, inform a doctor as soon as possible, usually within 24 hours. In addition, in case the individual was under exposure to an individual with the condition, antibiotics are necessary to keep him/her from acquiring the disease.