Basics on emergency preparedness

Many do not delight on thinking about possible emergencies and natural calamities. On the other hand, most of these emergencies occur with little or no warning. With this in mind, it is vital to be always prepared to stay safe by being familiar with the basics on emergency preparedness. Always remember that taking the time to ensure that you are ready can help save a life during emergencies.

Emergency preparedness for flood

Flooding is considered as a common calamity in different parts of the globe. Even though one has not occurred lately, you never know when it will happen again, thus emergency preparedness is a must.

Emergency preparedness

A portable supply kit during a floor should include clothing, sleeping bags, medical supplies, prescription medications, flashlights, bottled water, non-perishable food, blankets and spare batteries.

Initially, you have to create a portable supply kit for your vehicle. This would include clothing, sleeping bags, medical supplies, prescription medications, flashlights, bottled water, non-perishable food, blankets and spare batteries. You can even purchase a flood insurance policy especially those who reside in high-risk areas for flood. Lastly, always listen to the local news that broadcasts a flood warning or flood watch.


Fire has caused a high number of casualties and injuries yearly. It is important to take into consideration certain precautions in order to avoid injuries and fatalities.

  • Check regularly if all windows can be easily opened. You should refrain from using complex lock systems that might be difficulty for children to use and check.
  • Install smoke detection alarms and always make sure that the batteries are regularly checked.
  • Review the available options for escape routes. You can practice escaping from every room with all family members.
  • Install escape ladders particularly for houses with several levels and if the bedrooms are on the higher floors.


Those who reside in hurricane-prone areas should take into consideration these measures in order to protect your family and property.

  • Create an evacuation plan that includes where the family members will meet, alternate transportation routes and how to leave if there is no access to a vehicle.
  • Assemble a portable kit that includes non-perishable food, battery-powered radio, flashlights, bottled water and extra batteries.
  • Install hurricane shutters that will protect the windows from strong winds and minimize the risk for serious damages.
  • Purchase a flood insurance to protect your property.


Tornadoes can suddenly occur at any time of the year. A vital way to prepare is by determining how and where you will take shelter. You have to take note of these safe options.

  • Always keep an emergency kit that includes bottled water, non-perishable food, flashlights and extra batteries in the shelter location. A portable first aid kit will also come in handy in case of injuries.
  • Underground shelters such as cellars and basements can provide the best protection during a tornado.
  • Small interior hallways or rooms are considered as second options especially on the lower floors.
  • Vehicles do not provide adequate protection. It is best to look for buildings that have a strong foundation that will serve as your shelter.


Certain parts of the globe are at high risk for earthquakes. There are considerations to bear in mind so that you are prepared in case an earthquake strikes.

  • You have to prepare your home by fastening shelves securely to the walls; avoid hanging pictures above the bed and place heavy objects on the lower shelves.
  • Designate a meeting place for the family. Look for a location that is within or outside the neighborhood in case you are not together once the earthquake strikes.
  • Create an emergency supply kit that includes bottled water, non-perishable food, flashlights, battery-operated radio and extra batteries.

By taking into consideration these basics on emergency preparedness in any emergency course, you are prepared in case of trauma or when calamities strike.