Bronchorrhea is defined by excess amount of watery mucus. It involves coughing more than 100 ml of mucus in a day.
Generally, the condition is present among individuals with a certain form of lung cancer and other health conditions. Nevertheless, this is an uncommon condition.
What are the signs?
The main feature of bronchorrhea is coughing up large amounts of watery mucus daily. It is different from the occasional hacking cough that arises if one is sick.
The cough might be aggravating and distressing in most cases. Furthermore, it is likely to worsen in the morning and might improve throughout the day.
An individual with bronchorrhea might also have other signs such as:
- At first, chest pressure occurs
- Shortness of breath
- Pain from coughing
- Difficulty breathing
- Lastly, weight loss in severe cases
If left untreated or could not be controlled, it can result to:
- Electrolyte irregularities
- Severe obstruction in the airways
In addition, it can also make breathing extremely labored. It also poses as an issue in social scenarios especially the nagging, productive cough.
What are the causes?
Bronchorrhea is usually linked with the following conditions:
- Asthma – this respiratory condition causes the airways to constrict, become inflamed and produce excess mucus.
- Lung cancer – in a certain form of lung cancer, specifically bronchioalveolar carcinoma, bronchorrhea might be present.
- Chronic bronchitis – this condition results to the inflammation of the bronchial tubes which results to coughing up excess mucus
- Tuberculosis – this is a bacteria disease that affects the lungs and associated to some cases of bronchorrhea
- Poisoning – certain chemicals known as organophosphates can trigger a variety of symptoms including bronchorrhea
- Bronchiectasis – this is a form of chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD) that is linked to respiratory infections and cystic fibrosis. It causes the buildup of mucus in the airways
- Scorpion stings – bronchorrhea occurs if stung by a scorpion
How is bronchorrhea managed?
Generally, the treatment is based on the root cause and in most cases, it is often hard to treat. Some of the general lifestyle changes which can help manage the condition include:
- Proper hydration
- Cessation of smoking
- Healthy diet
- Using a humidifier
- Adequate rest, usually 7-9 hours a day
- Regular physical activity as tolerated
What is the outlook?
Bronchorrhea is an uncommon condition. It can develop if diagnosed with a specific type of lung cancer or another condition. Consequently, the condition can disrupt with quality of life.
Even though it is hard to effectively manage, there are several measures that can help control the symptoms.