Infant eczema or atopic dermatitis causes bumps or patches on the cheeks that are red-colored and itchy. After a given period of time, the skin cells grow denser where eczema exists. There are different ways in order to keep infant eczema under good control. In most cases, this persistent skin condition requires preventive measures as well as proper management of the symptoms.
Infants who suffer from severe eczema might require a stronger form of treatment such as topical steroid creams that can be prescribed by a doctor. There are several care measures that must be observed when caring for an infant suffering from eczema.
- You have to put on soft gloves or mittens on the infant to prevent him/her from scratching the affected skin. Remember that this can make the skin condition worse and might even lead to infection. In addition, you have to keep the nails of the infant short at all times.
- It is vital to cleanse the skin of the infant once or twice a day using a mild cleanser or simply plain water. In most cases, fewer baths or washes are enough. The skin of the infant only needs washing when it is truly dirty. It is recommended to use lukewarm water and for added moisture, you can add 3-4 drops of bath oil into the water. Several infant bath oils are free from perfumes and dyes.
- A non-soap cleanser can be used if the face requires more than water for proper cleansing. A doctor should be consulted for a suitable recommendation. Good options include cleansers that are made specifically for infant skin and do not contain any perfumes and dyes.
- You can use a concentrated emollient cream or a hypoallergenic lotion on the face of the infant after every cleansing. Apply a generous amount before bedtime to help soften the skin cells that accumulate due to eczema.
- If hydrocortisone cream is used, simply apply a thin layer a day up to 2 weeks or as directed by the doctor. This medicated cream can help calm down the symptoms of eczema. Just remember to use this over-the-counter medication on an infant after consulting a doctor.
- You have to keep the infant dressed in loose cotton clothes to reduce the irritation. When washing the clothes, it is recommended to use an unscented hypoallergenic detergent.
- If a humidifier is available, it should be used in the room of the infant while he/she is sleeping to provide added moisture to the air. This is vital during the winter season when indoor heating is frequently used.
Considerations to bear in mind
A doctor should be consulted before attempting to manage a possible eczema on the face of the infant. Remember that the rash might be more significant that requires treatment such as a yeast infection.