Chikungunya

Chikungunya is a prevalent form of infection spread by the Aedes aegypti and albopictus mosquitoes. The condition can trigger intense joint pain that forces the joints to bend upwards to lessen the discomfort.

What are the signs?

The symptoms of chikungunya typically manifest 2-3 days after being infected by the virus. Oftentimes, the time frame can extend up to 2 weeks.

Mild symptoms might be present, but they can be severe in some cases. The usual indications of the condition include:

  • Fever up to 104 degrees F which abruptly stops after 2-3 days
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fatigue
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Body aches including muscle pain and headaches
  • Joint pain that can involve several joints, lasting for months in some cases
  • Skin rashes on the back, chest, legs and arms
    chikungunya

    Skin rashes on the back, chest, legs and arms.

  • Taste alteration
  • Light sensitivity
  • Eye inflammation

Potential complications

  • Extended illness with diminished energy and joint pain
  • Depression might develop due to the lack of energy
  • In severe instances, the infection can result to death. Nevertheless, serious complications from the condition are rare.

Management of chikungunya

Remember that there is no available cure for chikungunya. Generally, treatment is supportive in nature.

  • The individual should take a break by getting enough rest and avoid exertion
  • Pain medications for body pain as well as those that lower fever
  • Dehydration can be prevented by drinking more fluids especially if vomiting is present
  • Avoid engaging in excessive physical exertion
  • Chloroquine might be prescribed by the doctor or interferon therapy

 

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