Croup is defined as an infection affecting breathing with a distinctive “bark-like” cough. It usually affects young children but can also affect adults.
Croup is brought about by the parainfluenza virus. The virus can spread if inhaling the droplets from an infected individual.
What are the indications?
The usual signs might include the following:
- Labored, noisy or whistle-like breathing
- Loud, bark-like cough that is worse at night
- Hoarse voice
- High fever
Most of these symptoms last around 3-5 days. The characteristic signs include a cough that sounds like a barking seal with a high-pitched, whistling sound while breathing.
Remember that the symptoms are generally worse among adults.
Management of croup
An adult with croup requires aggressive treatment. The doctor might prescribe a steroid such as dexamethasone or epinephrine to reduce the swelling in the airways.
Hospitalization for children is necessary if the condition is severe. Based on studies, adults with the condition stay longer in the healthcare facility than children.
Oftentimes, the doctor might place a breathing tube in the windpipe to allow the individual to breathe.
Among children, they feel better within 3-5 days, but adults might require a longer time to recover.
Some of the home remedies include:
- Humidifier – this device moistens the air to promote easier breathing
- Increased intake of fluids – keeping the body properly hydrated
- Adequate rest – getting enough sleep can help the body fight the virus
- Upright position – maintaining an upright position can ease the symptoms. Add an extra cushion or pillow beneath the head while in bed to allow better sleep
- Over-the-counter pain medications – these can be given to lower fever and lessen the pain