Glandular fever generally affects young adults and adolescents. It usually settles without requiring treatment, but can cause one to feel very sick and last for weeks.
When to consult a doctor
- Fever of 38 degrees or higher
- Severe sore throat
- Extreme exhaustion or tiredness
- Swollen neck glands
- Tonsillitis that does not settle
Take note that one does not usually end up with glandular fever more than once.
The doctor might request a blood test to confirm if the individual has glandular fever and rule out other the conditions such as tonsillitis.
Remember that there is no available cure for glandular fever and it settles on its own. Measures to manage the condition include:
- Adequate rest
- Increase the intake of fluids to prevent dehydration
- Pain medications such as ibuprofen or paracetamol
- Avoid any alcoholic beverages since the liver might be weak while having the condition
The individual should feel better in 2-3 weeks. Some might feel excessively tired for months. It is recommended to steadily increase the level of activity once the energy level starts to return.
It is important to note that glandular fever can cause the spleen to swell. During the first month, it is vital to avoid any sports or activities that increases the risk for falls since this can damage the organ.
When to seek medical attention
If an individual has any of these indications, he/she must be taken to a doctor or the nearest emergency department:
- Difficulty breathing
- Difficulty swallowing
- Intense abdominal pain