Psoriasis is a prevalent, non-infectious skin ailment. It is characterized by rapid development of skin cells and do not fall off as they should. The cells accumulate on the surface of the skin which results to areas of dense, reddened skin called as plaques. These plaques can be itchy and covered with thick, white-silvery scales. An overly active immune system is responsible for this process.
The skin condition can affect any part of the body, but quite common on the scalp, knees, torso and elbows. In addition, psoriasis can be passed from one generation to the next.
Indications of psoriasis in children
There are various types of psoriasis and each has their own distinct symptoms. The common indications of psoriasis include the following:
- Elevated skin patches that are often reddened and covered with white-silver scales
- Cracked, dry skin that can bleed
- Soreness, itchiness or burning sensation in and around the affected skin
- Pitted, thick fingernails or nails that form deep ridges
As a chronic condition, psoriasis will not settle entirely. It has cycles of increasing and diminished activity. In its active phase, the child will have more symptoms. Within a few weeks or months, the symptoms eventually improve or vanish. Take note that these cycles are often unpredictable and it is also difficult to determine the severity of the symptoms.
What are the triggers?
Even though the exact cause is difficult to pinpoint, there are various triggers that makes an outbreak more likely to arise such as:
- Skin irritation
- Cold weather
Avoidance or management of these triggers can minimize the episodes or severity of the outbreaks.
At the present, there is no cure for psoriasis. The treatment is aimed on alleviating the symptoms once they arise and preventing or reducing the severity of the outbreaks.
The topical treatments are given for psoriasis to reduce the symptoms of mild to moderate cases. The topical treatments include medicated and moisturizing lotions, ointments, creams and solutions.
Take note that both artificial and natural lights can ease the symptoms of psoriasis. There are several latest options such as lasers and medications activated by special lights.
Oral or injected medications
For moderate to severe cases in children, the doctor might prescribe shots, pills or intravenous medications.
Controlling the triggers might be the ideal defense against the skin condition. Regular exercise, adequate sleep and a balanced diet can keep the body healthy so that the outbreaks are reduced and less severe.