Pulmonary edema involves excess buildup of watery fluid in the lungs. The presence of fluid makes it hard for the lungs to function normally.
What are the indications?
- Shortness of breath is the usual sign of pulmonary edema. It is often triggered by inability of the lungs to supply sufficient oxygen to the body. This might initially manifest as difficulty performing routine tasks. There is a gradual decrease in tolerance to physical activity.
- Gasping for air or difficulty breathing
- Confusion and lethargy
- Chest pain
Management of pulmonary edema
If an individual experience a new, unexplained episode of shortness of breath, it is best to seek medical care right away.
In case the individual seems to be in distress, call for emergency assistance immediately.
An individual experiencing respiratory distress is initially managed at the same time or before a diagnosis is given. The doctor will check if the airway is open and if breathing is sufficient. The blood pressure is supported with medications until the status of breathing improves.