Contact lens problems range from mild discomfort and irritation to serious and possibly lifelong sign infections. Contact lenses can be caused by a variety of reasons and can lead to different complications. It is highly advisable to learn about problems that can arise from wearing contact lenses because millions of people all over the world wear contact lenses instead of glasses. Although wearing contact lenses do not usually pose any threat, it is not uncommon to develop problems due to contact lenses.
Causes of Contact Lens Problems
Many people develop irritation from wearing contact lenses. Irritation and discomfort may be caused by:
- Improper use and/ or care of contact lenses
- Ill-fitting lenses
- Wearing contact lenses longer than it is allowed
- Eye infections
Risk Factors for Contact Lens Problems
Although irritation from contact lens may arise spontaneously, there are certain risk factors that can increase chances of developing contact lens problems. These include:
- No experience in using contact lenses
- Wearing contact lenses overnight
- Continued use of damaged lenses
- Dry eye syndrome
- Allergic conjunctivitis
- Giant papillary conjunctivitis
- Eye trauma
- Recent eye surgery
- Systemic disease
- Increasing age
Symptoms of Contact Lens Problems
Most people might disregard symptoms of contact lens problems because they are usually minimal. However, if any of the following symptoms begin to show, it may denote discomfort and irritation from contact lenses:
- Frequent red, sore and swollen eyes after wearing contact lenses
- Dry eyes
- Sensation that there is something stuck in the eye
- Blurred vision
Complications from Contact Lens Problems
If contact lens problems are not treated immediately and properly, several complications may arise, which are usually more difficult to treat than the initial problem. Common complications include:
- Corneal ulcer
- Tight lens syndrome
- Corneal swelling
- Red eyes
First Aid Treatment and Management of Contact Lens Problems
Most cases of problems arising from contact lenses are usually not serious and can be treated and managed at home.However, it might be better to seek medical treatment for all cases of contact lens problems to get proper treatment. At the onset of symptoms, first aid may be applied while waiting to meet with an ophthalmologist (eye doctor).
- Remove the contact lenses immediately.
- Rest the eyes for an extended period of time.
- If eye movement is necessary, wear glasses instead of wearing contact lenses again.
- If the lenses are torn or worn out, replace and avoid using old contact lenses.
- If the lenses are ill-fitting, change to properly fitted lenses.
- Infections are usually treated with antibiotics if caused by bacteria.
How to Prevent Contact Lens Problems
Although problems arising from wearing contact lenses cannot be removed completely, following the hints to be mentioned can help reduce risks of developing problems.
- Before handling contact lenses, make sure hands are clean. Wash with soap and water.
- Disinfect lenses by soaking them in the recommended solution in a clean storage case. Ensure that the storage case is also clean.
- Dispose of daily disposable lenses as they are not meant for multiple uses.
- Avoid sleeping with contact lenses, especially overnight, unless ophthalmologist approves.
- Examine contact lenses once in a while for any damage.
- Do not wear contact lenses when showering or swimming unless there are goggles.
It is highly recommended for contact lens users to join First Aid Training due to their increased susceptibility to eye problems. There is a variety of contact lens problems but with proper treatment, developing complications can be significantly reduced.