Osteoarthritis of the knee is considered as a widespread condition that occurs once the cartilage in the knee joint starts to deteriorate. Once this occurs, the bone rubs on another bone, resulting to pain, stiffness and even deformity of the joint. In severe cases, the individual would have to undergo knee replacement surgery. Nevertheless, surgery is the only solution if the conventional modes of treatment failed to work in relieving the symptoms. Before surgery is considered, there are treatment options and basic first aid that can help provide relief to the symptoms.
Always remember that exercise will not only facilitate weight loss but also strengthen the muscles surrounding and supporting the knee. Regular exercise is one of the ideal treatments for osteoarthritis of the knee. Once the muscles are stronger, they are capable of supporting the knee joint which can help minimize the pain. Stretching exercises that focuses on the thighs and hips can even help enhance flexibility and minimize stiffness.
Those who are overweight are at risk of aggravating the symptoms of the condition as well as adding pressure on the knee joint. Based on studies, individuals who have osteoarthritis in the knee that are obese or overweight are susceptible to develop an advanced stage of the condition than those who are healthy. With this in mind, the individual must look for an activity to engage in such as biking, swimming or walking that is enjoyable and must engage on it for 30 minutes in a day.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammation drugs (NSAIDs) and muscle relaxants are given to help improve the symptoms of osteoarthritis in the knee. In some cases, the intake of these medications can ease the symptoms in which the individual can engage in exercise. If a doctor is consulted, most would recommend a steroid injection if the oral medications could not provide adequate relief.
The individual must find a way to balance rest and his/her activities. The individual must learn how to distinguish the signals of the body when he/she can push to the limits and when it is time to stop. Additionally, the application of heat or ice as well as transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, massage and acupuncture can be included as part of the treatment plan. If you want to learn more on how to effectively use heat and ice on injuries, click here.
Using braces and supports
Once a physical therapist is consulted, a knee brace might be recommended. When it comes to osteoarthritis of the knee, using a knee brace can help reduce the pressure off the affected joint, provide stabilization, allow the knee to rest and prevent further damage. Additionally, using an orthotic or a cane can greatly help the individual walk properly as well as taking some of the weight off the affected knee.