Corneal laceration

A corneal laceration can be a cut that partially or fully goes into the cornea. The cornea is the front layer of the eyeball. If there is any cut or tear in this layer, it results to a laceration which is typically due to a sharp object.

A laceration is considered as a deeper eye injury than a corneal abrasion. If it is a full thickness laceration, the cornea is completely cut or pierced which cause the globe to rupture.

What are the possible causes?

Corneal laceration

Certain activities such as trimming grass, chopping wood, grinding metal or stone carving can cause particles to disperse in the air and enter the eye.

Certain activities such as trimming grass, chopping wood, grinding metal or stone carving can cause particles to disperse in the air and enter the eye. If not using proper eye gear, the risk for this injury is high.

Indications of a corneal laceration

  • Acute eye pain
  • Tearing
  • Visual changes
  • Changes in the shape of the pupil
  • Light sensitivity
  • Blood in the eye
  • Feeling as if there is a foreign object in the eye

Management

Once an individual is suspected with a corneal laceration, it is vital to seek medical care right away.

  • The doctor will utilize numbing drops to reduce the eye pain so that the individual can keep his/her eye open.
  • An eye stain is used to determine the extent of damage.
  • In most cases, surgery is required to fix a corneal laceration as well as get rid of any foreign body present. Oftentimes, it would require more than one procedure for severe cases. Remember that severe cases might also result to loss of vision permanently.
  • Once surgery is done, the eye is patched for protection. The doctor will also prescribe pain medications for pain relief.

Quick Note / Disclaimer

The material posted on this page on a corneal laceration is for learning and educational purposes only. To learn to recognize and manage eye injuries, register for a first aid and CPR course with Vancouver First Aid.

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