Participants enrolled in first aid and / or CPR training will learn various tips and techniques on how to do CPR. The most valuable component of CPR is the chest compression’s. Without effective chest compression’s the chances of survival, which are already very low, drops significantly. This post is designed to give CPR candidates and those interested in CPR some tips about chest compression’s and effective ventilation’s when doing CPR.
Its okay to overdo the chest compression’s. If a rescuer miscounts or loses count of how many chest compression’s he or she has done I would recommend for rescuers to start from the lowest number they remember. It is better for rescuers do overdo the chest compression’s than to do too few. Chest compression’s are the most effective component of CPR and doing too few is worse than doing too many.
It is important for rescuers to land-mark for chest compression’s correctly. If a rescuer incorrectly landmarks for chest compression’s then the time doing 30 compression’s can be close to wasted. The human heart is the size of the patients fist. It isn’t that large. Rescuers have little room for error when land-marking. The most effective and latest method of land-marking is to expose the patients chest and use the heel of the rescuers hand with the rescuers other hand interlocked over top of the initial hand. The majority of the compression should be directly through the heel of the rescuers hand onto the victim’s sternum.
The rescuer should position him/herself correctly over top of the patient when doing chest compression’s. Chest compression’s are exhausting and forceful. The rescuer should attempt to compress the patients chest to a depth of almost half the patients chest which is roughly 2.5 inches. To compress that deep continuously the rescuer should position her/himself properly to reduce fatigue. The rescuers knees should be shoulder-width apart and the rescuers upper body must be positioned over-top of the patients chest. To reduce fatigue and use more body weight the rescuer should lock his or her elbows when compressing and be over-top of the victim using the rescuers body weight to help compress.
While too many chest compression’s is OK, too much ventilation is not advantageous for the patient. The rescuer should be careful not too ventilate too much air into the victim. Excess air will enter the patients stomach and cause complications. Complications include excessive regurgitation and build up of stomach acids. Rescuers should focus on the patients chest when ventilating. As soon as the rescuer see’s the patients chest rise the rescuer should cease ventilation’s and continue with CPR.
When ventilating the victim with the mount-to-mouth technique the rescuer must plug the victim’s nose during ventilation’s and release the patients nose between ventilation’s and during compression’s. If the rescuer does not release the patient’s nose between ventilation’s the rescuer could be adversely affecting the air flow out of the patient.
Don’t be afraid of the AED. Most rescuers when attending a first aid and / or CPR course are hesitant at using a AED. Automated external defibrillator are simple machines that, when turned on, help guide the rescuer through CPR. Simply turn on the AED when it arrives and listen to the prompts. AED’s can increase the chances of survival by as much as 800%.
Candidates attend CPR training through Vancouver First Aid Ltd, will learn about these tips and many more when learning about cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Register today and learn the skills to save a life.