A detached retina occurs if the fine coating at the back region of the eye slackens. Prompt treatment is necessary to prevent it from permanently affecting vision.
What are the causes?
A detached retina typically occurs by alterations to the gel-like substance within the eye which is likely to occur as part of the aging process which is called as posterior vitreous detachment. It is not precisely clear why the condition can result to a detached retina in some individuals and it cannot be prevented.
Certain factors that increases the risk for a detached retina include the following:
- Being short-sighted
- Previous eye injuries
- Previous eye surgeries
- Family history of retinal detachment
When to consult a doctor
If the following are present, a doctor should be consulted right away:
- Lines or dots (floaters) abruptly manifest in your vision or suddenly increase in number
- Flashes of light
- Darkened “curtain” or shadow across the vision
Remember that these are indications of a detached retina.
Management for a detached retina
An individual must be taken to the nearest healthcare facility if tests reveal that the retina might be detached or started to come away.
The recovery period after surgery tends to vary. Generally, within 2-6 weeks after surgery, the following might be present:
- Blurred vision
- Affected eye is sore and reddened
The individual should take some time off from work and driving. In addition, he/she must also avoid flying.
In most cases, an individual can resume normal activities. Call for emergency assistance or bring the individual to the nearest emergency department if there is pain, blurriness or redness that worsens after surgery.