Eczema is a lingering inflammatory skin ailment that starts in early childhood. If it affects the area around the eyes, it can be a challenge due to the sensitive nature of this area.
In severe cases of eczema around the eyes, the swelling of the eyelid and involvement of the eye might disrupt vision. The treatment is aimed on ensuring that the affected area is moist, lowering the swelling and avoiding contact to any irritants. The doctor might suggest various treatment options based on the seriousness of the eczema.
Moisturizers and emollients
Eczema distinctively triggers an itchy, dry and scaly rash. The doctor might suggest the daily application of a moisturizer or emollient to lessen the dryness by creating a barricade to avoid water loss to alleviate the itchiness. The moisturizers also soften the skin and lessen scaling. Take note that regular use of a moisturizer lessens the likelihood of breaks in the skin which can lead to a bacterial infection.
The doctor might suggest a cream for use during day time and an ointment for night time. The moisturizers for eye eczema is different from the cosmetic moisturizers since they do not contain any fragrances, sunscreen or anti-aging components.
The doctor might prescribe medications to lessen the underlying inflammation of the skin causing eczema around the eyes.
A brief course of a low concentration steroid cream or ointment such as 1% hydrocortisone is the initial choice. If the interior eyelids are affected, the doctor might prescribe steroid eye drops as well.
How to deal with skin irritation
The skin affected by eczema is easily irritated which can worsen the symptoms. It is recommended to use a non-soap skin cleanser briefly which is less drying on the skin. These cleansers are hypoallergenic, free from fragrance and has a pH level close to the skin.
It is also vital to avoid any potential irritants including nail polish, eye makeup and some hair care products. If the individual has airborne allergies, the doctor must be consulted on how to limit exposure to substances that can worsen eczema such as animal dander, pollen and dust mites. The application of a cool compress on the skin around the eyes can also help briefly lessen the itchiness.