Extensor tendonitis is usually brought about by overuse. The extensor muscles are small-sized muscles that move down the anterior part of the leg beneath the knee. If an individual ends up with this condition, there are several treatment options available.
The treatment for extensor tendonitis must start with a period of rest. The affected foot should be allowed to rest as much as possible and avoid engaging in activities that strain the extensor tendons such as climbing stairs or uphill running.
The application of ice and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are also suggested to lessen the swelling. For the ideal results, the pack must be applied on upper part of the foot amidst the ankle over the site of the irritation and applied several times throughout the day.
Stretching and strengthening
Having tight calf muscles is one of the main cause of extensor tendonitis. Even though taut calves are prevalent among runners, regular stretching builds up flexibility as well as prevent irritation of the extensor tendons.
Once the initial irritation has passed and the pain ceases, gradual strengthening of the extensor muscles is usually suggested.
Massage has a vital role in the healing process of the inflamed soft tissues such as the tendons. Once the tendons are still sore, mild massage can lessen the localized puffiness in the foot.
Once tolerance rises, cross-friction massage is suggested to prevent the formation of scar adhesions which drastically diminishes movement later.
Oftentimes, extensor tendonitis might be brought about by flat foot which is a condition that develops once the normal foot arch falls. Once this occurs, it places extra strain on the extensor muscles when engaging in activities that utilizes the legs.
In such instances, shoe inserts or orthotics are required to fix the flattened arch as well as restore normal biomechanics to the leg and foot.
If extensor tendonitis does not heal with adequate rest, more invasive measures might be necessary. The commonly used option involves a steroid injection into the tendon sheath. Even though this can lessen the swelling, caution is vital to prevent rupture of the tendon.