An eye allergy is considered as a prevalent annoyance and can be often mistaken as conjunctivitis or pink eye. Almost half of cases of individuals with conjunctivitis who consult a doctor with eye symptoms essentially have allergies.
The indications of an eye allergy are usually instigated by exposure to allergens such as mold, dust, pollen and animal dander. These allergens could not be completely avoided and medical treatment is required in most cases. Even though the allergies are not curable, the eye symptoms linked with an allergy can be treated and prevented with the help of medications.
An allergic reaction can trigger itchiness due to the presence of histamine produced by the body to fight off a particular allergen. An eye allergy can lead to itchiness upon exposure to the allergen.
If an individual is highly sensitive to pollen, it can cause eye itchiness after walking outdoors during the spring season in which the level of pollen is at its peak. The itchiness can be quite frustrating among women who use eye makeup.
Redness due to eye allergy
The eyes might react to allergens by turning red or pinkish in appearance. The redness that is often linked with an eye allergy is the common reason of misdiagnosing it as conjunctivitis.
It is important to note that pink eye or conjunctivitis can cause the eye to turn bright red. An eye allergy can also cause pinkish to reddened discoloration that is not as evident. The redness often subsides after eye drops are used. Additionally, if an eye allergy is left untreated, it can later on cause pink eye.
The swelling or inflammation around the eyes can develop due to the irritation linked with an eye allergy. Being exposed to allergens can lead to puffiness of the eyes in most individuals who have eye allergies.
The puffiness or inflammation typically occurs below the eyes but can also be evident on the eyelids. Those who have allergies who use contact lenses has a higher risk for developing swelling.
An eye allergy can cause the affected eye to water due to the dryness. In most circumstances, the eyes can also produce a discharge as a response to the dryness. Unlike with the yellowish drainage often linked with conjunctivitis, an eye allergy can cause white or clear discharge.
Upon waking up in the morning, this form of drainage can dry out and crust over at the corners of the affected eye.
Other indications of an eye allergy
It is vital to monitor for other allergy symptoms such as headaches, sinus congestion, throat irritation, runny nose and cough. These symptoms that might occur during eye issues are likely to indicate an allergy.
Cases involving occasional eye allergy issues can be managed with over-the-counter eye drops. In case the symptoms do not seem to improve or become persistent, the doctor might prescribe prescription eye drops. In some cases, oral medications for the other allergy symptoms can be given as well.