Even though first aid seems simple, it can make a big difference in saving one’s eyesight especially with eye injuries. During emergencies in which the eyes are involved, it is vital to seek medical care for the eyes right away.
A form of severe injury to the one or both eyes can result to infection, loss of vision or even blindness. With the help of simple first aid measures that are implemented during an accident, they can help save the vision of an individual whether a family member or colleague at work.
Foreign object in the eye
If there is a foreign object in the eye, it is vital that the individual will not cause further irritation in the affected eye by rubbing at it. You can try to remove the debris or particle as long as it is not embedded into the eye.
Do not attempt to remove a foreign object that is embedded into the eye. The best move to make is to seek medical attention right away by bringing the individual to the nearest emergency department or calling for emergency assistance.
Any form of traumatic injury to the eye can lead to bleeding. Once you suspect that the bleeding originated from the interior or accumulating within the eye, you have to cover or protect the eyes using a clean cloth and call for emergency assistance or bring the individual to the nearest emergency department.
Take extra care not to apply any pressure on the affected eyeball to prevent further injury.
If the individual is wearing contact lenses, they should be removed right away in case of accidental exposure to certain chemicals. If the lenses are not removed, they might hold the chemical against the cornea that will result to further damage and pain.
Once you suspect that chemicals entered the eyes, start flushing right away with cool water and continue the process for up to 15 minutes. After flushing, call for emergency assistance or bring the individual to the nearest emergency department for further care.
Do not forget to note down the name of the chemical that entered the eye or if possible, bring the container with you to the hospital.
Important measures for eye injuries
Initially, you have to wash hands thoroughly using water and soap. This will help prevent any further contamination or infection when caring for eye injuries.
You can also flush out the affected eye. With your finger and thumb, slowly tug on the upper eyelid downwards over the upper part of the lower eyelid. Inform the individual that this will trigger tearing and then flush out the particles or substances. In some cases, you have to repeat the flushing process several times.
In case tearing will not work, you can flush out the particle using cool water as long as needed. This is usually done in a sink using a glass of water or hose that is free from contaminants.
If you can see the debris or object, you can take it out using a washcloth. All you have to do is gently lift the upper or lower eyelid and utilize a clean, wet washcloth to wipe away the object. In case this does not work, you have to seek immediate medical attention.