An eye tumor might affect any eye structures include the retina, optic nerve, eye muscles and the iris. Remember that non-cancerous and cancerous tumors might form in the eyes. In uncommon cases, cancer might develop in a different part of the body and spread to the eyes.
The indications of an eye tumor might vary depending on the structures involved. Early diagnosis and treatment of the tumors are vital in reducing the risk for permanent vision loss and potentially dangerous complications.
What are the indications of an eye tumor?
White or reddened pupil
The formation of a white or reddened pupil is a characteristic indication of retinoblastoma which is a cancerous eye tumor.
This is the most common form of eye tumor inside the eye among children. These tumors usually develop among children younger than 5 years of age and might be present at birth.
Eye enlargement and bulging
The growth of an eye tumor can cause enlargement and bulging of the eye. If melanoma of the eye forms, it can trigger eye bulging along with irritation and redness. Take note that eye melanoma is the most common form of eye tumor among adults.
There are certain forms of tumors that can lead to visual distortions. One is choroidal hemangioma which is a non-cancerous blood vessel tumor that forms inside the eye. This causes the appearance of flashing lights.
Orbital rhabdomyosarcoma is a cancerous form of eye tumor affecting the muscles responsible for eye movement. This is common among children but can also develop among adults.
The presence of tumors can impair the interior eye structures, resulting to farsightedness or loss of clarity in near images.
Growth on the eyeball
Squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva is characterized as a flattened, opaque growth on the eye surface. The risk for this condition is increased due to exposure to ultraviolet radiation, HIV/AIDS and human papillomavirus infections.