A facial allergic reaction can be triggered by something the individual ate, inhaled or directly handled. The body interprets the allergens as a threat or harmful and attacks it.
Hay fever or seasonal allergies can occur during early spring and trigger a variety of facial allergic reactions. The usual reactions include reddened, itchy, watery and swollen eyes.
In severe cases, it can lead to allergic conjunctivitis which is oozing inflammation of the conjunctiva.
Animals and insects
Animals of different kinds can trigger allergic reactions. Individuals who have a facial allergic reaction are highly sensitive to the saliva and skin cells or dander of animals.
If allergic to dogs, cats or other animals, the individual is likely to experience sneezing episodes and become congested. These reactions can also induce rashes and hives. It is important to note that hives are elevated skin bumps that typically form on the face and neck. In addition, insect stings and bites can trigger hives and welts.
A reddened rash or hives forms on the face if exposed to an allergen. This form of allergic reaction is commonly called as contact dermatitis. The allergens range from food, poison ivy or even laundry detergent.
Food allergies are some of the common forms of allergies that affect the face. The seriousness of the food allergies tends to vary. Some experience stomach discomfort while others develop swelling or rashes around the lips.
Some drugs can trigger a facial allergic reaction. The skin rashes on the face and arms are likely to occur among those who are highly sensitive to certain medications. In most cases, an allergic reaction can trigger hives, generalized facial swelling and even anaphylaxis.
Am I at risk for anaphylaxis?
Anaphylaxis is a severe form of allergic reaction where the body shuts down and trigger symptoms such as:
- Throat and chest tightness
- Difficulty breathing or wheezing
- Swollen face, lips and throat
- Hives or reddened rash all over the body
- Significant pallor or vivid flushing of the face
Call for emergency assistance if anaphylaxis is suspected. Remember that this type of reaction requires prompt medical care since it can be deadly.