First Aid for Seizures.

The information in this blog about first aid treatment for seizures is for information purposes only. To learn to recognize and treat seizures take first aid training in Vancouver with Vancouver First Aid.

Definition of a Seizure: Seizures are convulsions that happen when there is a sudden disruption and discharge of electrical impulses from the brain. There are many causes to seizures including:

  • High Fevers (especially in children)
  • Meningitis
  • Stroke
  • Brain Injuries.
  • Lack of sleep.
  • Medication.
  • Epilepsy.
  • Flickering lights.
  • Hypoglycemia.
  • Drug use.
  • Severe intoxication.
  • Brain Tumors.

There are several different types of seizures including the Tonic-Clonic (the Grand Mal) and the petite mal. Since the Grand Mal seizure is the only seizure that requires first aid treatment this blog will focus on treating only it.

Signs and symptoms of the Grand Mal / Tonic-Clonic Seizure:

The Tonic Phase Signs and Symptoms:

  • Lowered / Loss of Consciousness
  • Body rigidity

The Clonic Phase Signs and Symptoms:

  • Noisy Breathing.
  • Extra Salivation in mouth.
  • Contraction and relaxation of muscles in arms and legs.
  • Teeth clenching.
  • Loss of Bowel or bladder control.

Post Seizure Signs and Symptoms:

  • Confusion (can last significant time – upwards of 1 hour)
  • Disorientation (can last significant time – upwards of 1 hour)
  • Fatigue

Treatment for Grand Mal Seizure:

  • Contact EMS.
  • Place the victim onto the floor or a flat surface.
  • Clear the area around the victim to prevent injury.
  • DO NOT attempt to restrict the contractions.
  • DO NOT place anything into the victims mouth.
  • Monitor ABC’s after the seizure.


  • Seizures rarely last for more than 1 minute.
  • Try to record number of contractions and length of the seizure.

The information posted in this blog about first aid treatment for seizures is for information purposes only. Take a standard first aid course with Vancouver First Aid to learn to recognize and treat for seizures. We offer nationally accredited awards and are affiliated with the Lifesaving Society and the Canadian Red Cross. We offer cheap, convenient, and fun courses. We promise to never cancel a class and we will always try to make room for everybody. Register today, we look forward to meeting you.


2 Responses to “First Aid for Seizures.”

  1. Trevor McCullum April 1, 2015 at 11:42 pm #

    When is the next seisure first aid class?

    • vanfirstaid April 10, 2015 at 11:14 am #

      Hi Trevor. Seizure recognition and management is covered in our standard first aid courses. Check out our upcoming courses to find out when our next course is available.

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