As a child grows up, he/she is prone to various injuries along the way. Even though these injuries cannot be completely avoided, there are measures to help ease the discomfort of the child. It is best that you are prepared to manage common accidents at home with the right first aid measures. To learn to recognize and manage common accidents at home such as bleeding, insect bites and burns, sign up for a course in first aid today.
If bleeding is present, the initial move is to press firmly on the site using a clean cloth until the flow of blood stops. Clean the wound under lukewarm flowing water and pat dry gently. In case the bleeding could not be controlled, call a doctor or bring the child to the hospital.
In case a cut is dirty or caused by a scratch by an animal, it must be rinsed with water and lather with soap. If an animal bite caused a profound cut, it must be assessed by a doctor.
Follow-up care for bleeding
You can apply an antibiotic cream or ointment and fresh bandage on a daily basis until the wound heals. In case the wound drains pus or becomes inflamed, a doctor must be consulted to treat the infection.
Insect bites or stings
When a child was stung by an insect with the stinger in place, you have to gently scrape the skin using a credit card to remove it without breaking it. Call for emergency assistance if the child has difficulty breathing or develops hives, hoarse voice or swollen lips or tongue.
Follow-up care for insect bites or stings
For the itchiness, place a cold compress on the area or apply calamine lotion or hydrocortisone cream. A doctor must be consulted if a tick bite is suspected.
Burns are considered as one of the common accidents that can occur at home or in the workplace. First, you have to hold the burned area under cool flowing water or apply a cold, moist towel until the pain subsides. Any small-sized blisters must be covered with loose bandage or gauze. A doctor must be consulted if burns occur on the hands, face or genital or if they are bigger than ¼ inch in size. For deep burns, call for emergency assistance and cover the child with a blanket to prevent hypothermia.
Follow-up care for burns
Avoid popping any blisters. In case the skin breaks, you can apply an antibiotic cream and cover with gauze or bandage until it completely heals. Monitor for any swelling, redness, tenderness or drainage since these are indications of infection.
The child must sit in an upright manner but do not allow him/her to tilt the head. Any tight clothing around the neck must be loosened. You have to pinch the lower end of the nose to the nostrils and have him/her lean forward while applying pressure for 5-10 minutes.
Follow-up care for nosebleed
In case the nosebleed is due to trauma, you can control the swelling by placing an ice pack on the bridge of the nose after the bleeding diminishes. In case it persists after 10 minutes or recurs, a doctor must be consulted for proper assessment.