First Aid Treatment for Bleeding of the Mouth and Nose

There are many different reasons that can cause bleeding of the mouth and the Managing a Nose Bleednose. In most cases, bleeding in these body parts is caused by direct injury to the face although it can also be caused by certain health conditions or illnesses. Sometimes bleeding from the mouth is caused by dental treatments or accidentally knocking out of tooth. Meanwhile, in the case of nosebleeds, it is possible that the bleeding is caused by damage to the nose or the cheekbone. Nosebleeds can also happen spontaneously without any identifiable cause.

In both cases, the priority is to make sure that the victim’s airway is open and clear of any obstructions. You should also make sure that the victim does not swallow the blood as it can trigger episodes of vomiting.

First Aid Treatment for Bleeding from the Mouth

In order to control bleeding from the mouth, place the victim in upright sitting or standing position, slightly leaning forward. Encourage him or her to spit out the blood. If the bleeding is caused by injury to the teeth, let the victim to spit out the knocked out tooth in a clean receptacle.  It can be re-placed through an emergency dental procedure.

If the cause of bleeding is easy to reach such as wound inside the mouth or knocked out tooth, apply a small dressing over the affected area and apply pressure for at least 10 minutes.

If the bleeding is severe, roll up a dressing and place it in the tooth socket. The dressing should be large enough to avoid the teeth from coming in contact with the mouth. Ask the victim to bite on it. If bleeding is not controlled after 10 minutes, change the soaked pad with a new, clean dressing.

Bleeding that lasts for more than 30 minutes may indicate severe injury and requires visit to the emergency department. Usually, severe, uncontrolled bleeding from the mouth indicates damage or injury in the cheekbone and/or jaw. Use of cold compresses may help reduce swelling and relieve the pain. In case of broken bones, provide support to the bone using your hands or pads.

First Aid Treatment for Broken Cheek or Nose

Direct force to the cheek and nose can cause damage to these structures. Place the victim in upright position, slightly leaning forward. Encourage him or her to spit out the blood. Never pinch or apply excessive pressure on the nose. Apply cold compress to relieve pain and minimize bleeding.

First Aid Treatment for Broken Cheek or Nose

Usually, front teeth get knocked out during contact sports or road crashes. If someone has knocked out his or her tooth, be sure to collect and store the tooth. Depending on a number of factors, knocked out tooth may be replanted in its position. Let the victim spit out the tooth in a clean receptacle or plastic bag with a copious amount of milk or water. Do not cleanse or wash the tooth. Send the victim to the hospital or emergency dentist. The tooth needs to be replanted at the soonest possible time.

Learn More

To learn more about head injuries and wounds take Red Cross training programs. The courses that provide education in the recognition and management of these injuries are:

Emergency First AidClick here to view available dates and times

Standard First AidClick here to view available dates and times

Emergency Childcare First AidClick here to view available dates and times

Related Training Video

One Response to “First Aid Treatment for Bleeding of the Mouth and Nose”

  1. Jon Marsiglia October 12, 2016 at 12:49 am #

    This is a very simple and direct way to address bleeding of the nose and mouth. Typically things such as nosebleeds, especially in children, are due to some innocent rough housing and seem as minimal. However, if accompanied with something such as a broken cheek or nose, the seemingly minor situation can turn into an emergency quickly. Thank you for sharing some tips on how to control bleeding in the case of an emergency, especially in the case of a tooth being knocked out. This knowledge, in addition to being properly certified in First Aid and CPR, can prove very useful in an emergency situation, no matter how serious it is.

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