A groin strain involves a tear to any of the adductor muscles on the interior region of the thigh. Generally, the injury causes abrupt piercing thigh pain ranging from minor injury to a severe one that can be debilitating.
A groin strain is likely to occur while changing directions abruptly or sprinting. Excessively stretching the muscle can also rip it apart.
What are the indications?
A distinct sign of a groin strain is abrupt piercing groin pain. The discomfort can be felt when sprinting or during rapid directional changes.
The injury can be categorized into 3 grades:
- Grade 1 – there is achiness in the groin or interior thigh, but the individual can still walk with minimal or no pain. The groin muscles might feel taut and tender if touched. In addition, there is pain when the groin muscle is stretched.
- Grade 2 – this involves a moderate tear that causes abrupt groin pain during activity. Swelling and bruising might arise after a few days but might not be evident to the naked eye. If the muscle is contracted, it is weak and painful.
- Grade 3 – this type of injury is considered serious and causes intense pain during activity. The individual could not contract the groin muscles if the legs are squeezed together. There is also evident bruising and puffiness around the interior thigh and becomes obvious within 24-48 hours.
Management of a groin strain
The management of a groin strain mainly includes application of ice or heat followed by stretching, strengthening and preserving the fitness level.
In most cases, utilize the PRICE method right after the injury and during the initial 72 hours. Application of ice along with a compression wrap can control the internal bleeding as well as lessen the agony and puffiness and hasten the healing process.
A groin support or strapping is also beneficial during the initial phases to lessen the pain and provide support as it heals.
After the initial acute phase, a progressive strengthening and stretching regimen is suggested to ensure that the pre-injury level of strength and flexibility are restored to lower the risk for re-injury.
More Information / Disclaimer
The information posted on this page on a groin strain is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize the indications and how it is treated by taking a standard first aid course with Vancouver First Aid.