Sustaining a minor bump on the head is not uncommon among those who play sports but head injuries among athletes can range from mild to severe and oftentimes, the indications of a serious head injury do not always appear right away. Some might take days for the symptoms to manifest. Take note that even a minor bump can become a major issue, thus it is vital to be familiar with the various types of head injuries and what to do in case one is suspected.
A concussion is a traumatic head injury that occurs from both mild and severe blows to the head. Remember that concussions can have serious, long-term effects, particularly repeat head injuries or cumulative concussions.
Remember that all concussions are serious. If the signs and symptoms of a concussion are ignored, it increases the risk of suffering another serious head injury, neurological impairment and even depression.
An epidural hematoma involves bleeding in between the skull and the brain. This injury can occur when an impact to the head lacerates blood vessels which form a blood clot in between the skull and the protective covering of the brain. The clot slowly grows and adds pressure on the brain. If not treated right away, it can result to death.
The seriousness of an epidural hematoma is evident when “talk and die” syndrome occurs in which the victim appears fine at first but hours or days later develops a headache and other symptoms of an epidural hematoma.
It usually takes a severe impact to the head to cause a skull fracture. Once an individual sustained a major head trauma that is accompanied by clear fluid or blood that drains from the nose or ears or bruising behind or around both eyes, it indicates a skull fracture and other brain injuries. Such cases would require immediate medical attention.
Whiplash is an injury involving the soft tissues of the neck including the tendons, ligaments and muscles. This type of injury typically occurs during vehicular collisions where the head of moved in a back and forward manner. The indications of whiplash include neck stiffness and pain.
A black eye is considered common right after an injury to the face or head. Even a minor blow to the face can cause a large “shiner”. Most cases of black eyes are relatively minor bruises that can heal on their own within 3-5 days. Oftentimes, a black eye can indicate a serious face, head or eye injury.
The usual cause of a fractured or dislocated jaw is any injury to the head or face. All injuries on the face must be treated right away by emergency medical personnel in order to prevent serious, long-term issues.