For minor cases of scrapes, they can be managed at home. A scrape only involves the upper skin layer. The treatment aims on preventing infection and promote proper healing of the wound. Even if an individual is not at risk for infection, does not have other injuries, does not require a tetanus shot or assessment by a doctor, you should clean and bandage the wound at home.
The initial step is to control the bleeding by applying direct pressure on the wound. There are also over-the-counter products that can be used on the skin to stop minor bleeding from minor wounds. Make sure that the instructions are carefully read before using the product.
Once the bleeding is controlled, check the symptoms to decide if there is a need to consult a doctor.
Scrapes are likely to continue to ooze out small amounts of blood for up to 24 hours and even drain clear, yellowish or blood-tinged fluid for several days.
How to clean scrapes
It is important to clean scrapes right away to minimize the risk for infection and scarring. The following should be observed when cleaning the wound.
- Get rid of any splinters in the wound.
- Utilize a steady stream of water under moderate pressure. Flush the wound to eliminate as much debris, dirt and bacteria if possible to reduce the risk for infection.
- If a water sprayer is available, you can use it to clean the wound. This can get rid of any debris or dirt from the wound.
- Cleanse the scrape for 5 minutes using soap and running water.
- Gently scrub using a wash cloth. In some cases, moderate scrubbing is needed for scrapes that are dirty. This can be painful and intensify the bleeding but it is required to clean the wound thoroughly.
- Avoid using hydrogen peroxide, alcohol or iodine since these can impair the tissue and slow down the healing process.
For scrapes that do not seem to heal or shows indications of infection, it requires further assessment by a doctor.
Disclaimer / More Information
The information posted on this page on scrapes is for learning and educational purposes only. To learn to properly provide wound care for scrapes, register for first aid training at one of our training centers located throughout Canada. The training centers are located in Edmonton, Calgary, Vancouver, Kelowna, Surrey, Winnipeg, Toronto, Ottawa and Halifax.