A hand splint has been utilized on individuals who are faced with difficulties with the wrist, forearm and the hand. From arthritis to sports-related injuries, a hand splint is specifically designed to limit or prevent movement of the hand and wrist in order to relieve pain and promote proper healing. Depending on the splint used, it can allow a certain degree of limitation on the hand movement or can entirely immobilize the hand in a single position. Most splints are made out of lightweight aluminum and covered in a washable material over a cushioned layer made out of foam for added comfort. Depending on the injury sustained, first aid measures must be provided before a splint is applied.
Characteristic of hand splints
Today, the palm, finger and wrist area of hand splints are padded. Depending on the design of a particular hand splint as well as the specific purpose, the fingers are given enough room for movement or can be immobilized in place. Take note that all the points of contact with the skin are padded and covered. The splint is held in place with the help of Velcro, fasteners or hook and loop. As for the material, they are made out of specialized materials that are already treated to be resistant to odor or even limit the growth of bacteria.
Different types of hand splints
With this hand splint, it will keep the wrist immobile but has enough space for the fingers. It is often utilized in cases where the wrist is strained or sprained, but the individual still requires the fingers to move.
Pediatric hand splints
These are used for children who sustained hand or wrist injuries. With this splint, it easily slides over the hand but keeps the thumb and fingers free. These splints are available in bright colors for children.
These splints are used in cases where the hand is weakened and could not hold things. It basically helps establish muscle strength and mass.
Resting hand splint
With this type of splint, it keeps the hand in a resting position in which the fingers are free while the palm is flat. This is mainly used in individuals who are experiencing hand cramps that force their hands into a fist.
Thumb spica splint
This helps prevent the thumb from moving as well as pushing against the palm. This is the splint used for individuals who have a broken thumb.
Metal hand splint
This type of splint is utilized in cases in which the hand is broken. It helps keep the hand in one position while at the same time prevent it from moving.
How splints are used?
If you have not used a splint before, it is placed around the affected hand so that the palm and the fingers are positioned appropriately to promote proper healing. With the Velcro, the splint is drawn around the affected hand so that it is secure but not too tight. Once it is fitted to the affected hand, you might have to work on minor adjustments after some time. It is important to watch out for unusual swelling or discoloration since they indicate that that splint is too tight and disrupting the normal flow of blood.