How to deal with a foot sprain

A foot sprain is defined as an injury to the foot ligaments. The ligaments are sturdy tissue bands that link one bone to another to form the joints. Once the ligament is damaged, it might excessively stretch, partly tear or fully ripped apart.

In most cases, a foot sprain is brought about by abrupt activity in which the ligament is twisted or torn. The injury can occur if the individual trips on an uneven terrain, landing in an awkward manner from a jump or kicking an object that does not move.


The usual indications of this injury include:

  • Foot pain
  • Evident swelling and bruising
    foot sprain

    Apply an ice pack on the site of injury every 3-4 hours at 20-minute sessions at a time.

  • Difficulty walking

If the injury is suspected, the doctor will perform a physical exam and might even request an X-ray or other scans.

Management of a foot sprain

The individual should change or stop the activities responsible for the pain until the ligament has fully recuperated.

The doctor might suggest stretching and strengthening exercises to allow the injury to heal.

An elastic bandage is wrapped around the affected foot. Crutches must be used until the individual can walk without any discomfort. It is important to note that the achiness eventually settles within a few weeks with self-care measures, but some injuries can take several months or even longer to heal.

Self-care measures

  • Apply an ice pack on the site of injury every 3-4 hours at 20-minute sessions at a time.
  • Make sure that the foot is raised on a pillow or cushion while sitting or lying down.
  • Pain medications can be taken as instructed by the doctor.

Disclaimer / More Information

The information posted on this page on foot sprain is for learning and educational purposes only. To learn how the injury is treated, register for first aid training at one of our training centers located throughout Canada. The training centers are in Edmonton, Calgary, Vancouver, Kelowna, Saskatoon, Victoria, Surrey, Mississauga, Winnipeg, Red Deer, Toronto, Ottawa and Halifax.


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