A foot sprain is defined as an injury to the foot ligaments. The ligaments are sturdy tissue bands that link one bone to another to form the joints. In addition, the ligament might excessively stretch, partly or fully tear which results to damage.
Abrupt activity results to a foot sprain where the ligament twists and tears. Furthermore, the injury can occur if the individual trips on an uneven terrain, landing in an awkward manner from a jump or kicking an object that does not move.
Generally, the usual indications of this injury include:
- Foot pain
- Evident swelling and bruising
- Lastly, difficulty walking arises
The doctor performs a physical exam and request an X-ray or other scans if an injury is possible.
Management of a foot sprain
Generally, the individual should change or stop the activities responsible for the pain until the ligament has fully recuperated.
In addition, the doctor might suggest stretching and strengthening exercises while allowing the injury to heal.
Wrap an elastic bandage around the affected foot. Use crutches until the individual can walk without any discomfort. Furthermore, it is important to note that the ache eventually settles within a few weeks with self-care measures, but some injuries can take several months or even longer to heal.
- Apply an ice pack on the site of injury every 3-4 hours at 20-minute sessions at a time.
- Raise the foot on a pillow or cushion while sitting or lying down.
- Pain medications can be taken as instructed by the doctor.
Disclaimer / More Information
The information posted on this page on foot sprain is for learning and educational purposes only. To learn how the injury is treated, register for first aid training at one of our training centers located throughout Canada. The training centers are in Edmonton, Calgary, Vancouver, Kelowna, Saskatoon, Victoria, Surrey, Mississauga, Winnipeg, Red Deer, Toronto, Ottawa and Halifax.