A scorpion sting can trigger serious reactions in some individuals. The bark scorpion is the most venomous species in North America. These scorpions can reach up to 3 inches long and have skinny tails. Once an individual is suspected with a scorpion sting, it is vital to react right away and provide the appropriate care measures.
Steps in dealing with a scorpion sting
- Always stay safe and protect yourself from infectious diseases by observing the universal precautions and use protective gear if on hand. Do not attempt to touch the scorpion with your bare hands.
- Check the severity of the scorpion sting. The scorpion stings that shows signs of anaphylaxis include wheezing, hives, chest pain, dizziness or shortness of breath. These require immediate medical care. When it comes to bark scorpions, they can trigger muscle spasms, tremors or random movements of the eyes or neck, anxiety, restlessness, agitation and swelling especially in children. In addition, there is intense pain at the site of the scorpion sting but rarely accompanied by swelling.
Call for emergency care if an individual is suspected with a scorpion sting or anaphylaxis. If emergency care is not available, bring the individual to the nearest emergency department right away.
Important tips to bear in mind
Scorpions are categorized as arachnids similar to mites, spiders and ticks. They sting to hunt for food and protection. Take note that scorpions can end up in bedding or crawl into shoes which leaves them no choice but to sting.
If the scorpion responsible for the sting is still around, you can trap it under an inverted jar or pick it up with an 8-inch tongs.
A scorpion sting that does not trigger a serious reaction can be managed with the application of an ice pack and over-the-counter pain medications.
The anti-venom for the bark scorpion is not yet widely available. Any scorpion sting that shows any indications of a bark scorpion, it requires treatment at the hospital. The anti-venom has been shown to drastically minimize the effects of the sting.