Cardiopulmonary resuscitation or CPR is an emergency procedure using chest compression and artificial ventilation to manually preserve the functioning of the brain, flow of blood and breathing of the person having a cardiac arrest or near drowning.
Generally, CPR increases the flow of blood to the brain and other organs. Furthermore, lack of oxygenated blood can result to damage to the brain in a few minutes and even death.
Steps on cardiopulmonary resuscitation
- At first, place the person on his/her back on a hard surface. Kneel next to his/her shoulders and neck.
- Position the heel of your hand above the middle of his/her chest amidsts the nipples. Place the other hand over the first. Ensure that the elbows and shoulders in a straight position above the hands.
- Lastly, push down on the chest at least 2 inches. Push hard with 100-120 compressions per minute until breathing returns.
Opening of the airways
- Open the airway using the head-tilt and chin-lift maneuver.
- Place your palm on the forehead of the person and tilt gently the head backwards. Gently lift the chin forward using the other hand to open the airway.
- With the airway open, pinch the nostrils of the individual close for mouth-to-mouth breathing.
- Deliver rescue breaths for at least 1 second and check if the chest rises. If it fails to rise, give a second breath. If there is no chest movement, perform the head-tilt and chin-lift maneuver again and deliver a breath, 30 chest compression and the follow it up with 2 rescue breaths. Avoid giving many breaths or breathing with strong force.
- Continue with chest compression for proper flow of blood.
- If an AED is available, use it immediately and follow properly the prompts.