Sinus pressure is due to the swollen and inflamed sinuses. The pressure is typically the result of common cold, seasonal allergies or physical complications such as nasal polyps. Once the sinus cavity enlarges, it can compress the eyes, inner ear and all over the head which results to discomfort and pain.
You can remedy the sinus pressure with the help of decongestants, antihistamines, nasal steroid sprays or natural remedies. Before attempting to self-diagnose or self-medicate, a doctor should be consulted so that proper assessment can be carried out.
Nasal steroid sprays
The nasal steroid sprays are only given by prescription by the doctor. These are typically prescribed to those who are suffering from severe allergies to help minimize the nasal irritation that results to sneezing, itchiness and drainage.
Most of the steroid nasal sprays are highly effective as long as used over a given period of time. The medication deals with the symptoms of nasal congestion while providing relief to the sinus pressure.
Decongestants limit the flow of blood to the sinuses, thus minimizing the swelling. A commonly used over-the-counter decongestant is pseudoephedrine. It is important to note that a prescription is not required to purchase this medication, but due to cases of misuse, it is under restriction. The medication is not suitable for children but can be given only if allowed by the doctor.
Antihistamines are also used to relieve sinus pressure by preventing the production of histamine in the body. Once an individual experiences an allergic reaction, the immune system attempts to fight off the potential allergen by generating antibodies and histamine.
The increased levels of histamine in the blood can trigger the usual allergy symptoms such as congestion and sinus pressure. Antihistamines are available over-the-counter without a prescription. There are variants that are 24-hour doses while others should be taken every 4-6 hours. In addition, these medications are only effective for sinus pressure if it is due to an allergic reaction.
Natural remedies for sinus pressure
A commonly used natural approach for sinus pressure is nasal irrigation. A sinus rinse or neti pot is the widely used technique to perform nasal irrigation. Both involve the use of saline solution that is flushed through the nasal cavity to wash out the allergens and excess mucus.
Another approach is a warm and cold compress. A warm compress can be applied on the eye-nose region for about 30 minutes and then followed by a cold compress for 30 seconds. Take note that this approach can be repeated several times throughout the day to relieve the sinus pressure.