The information provided in this blog about nose bleeds is for information purposes only. To gain recognized, national certification take one of many 1st aid courses.
Nose bleeds are very common occurences and can happen with either a hit to the nose or can start spontaneously. The blood vessels in the nose are fairly fragile and are suscetable to bleeding which in turns causes a nose bleed. Children are most susceptable to spontaneous nose bleeds. Changes in pressure, including with elevation, or irritation in the nose can cause it to bleed. Nose bleeds are very common place in swimming pools, as the changes in temperature and pressure can affect the sensitive blood vessels in the nose. Tight goggles and rubbing of the nose can increase the chances of a nose bleed while swimming at a local pool.
The signs and symptoms of an nose bleed are fairly obvious and include blood from the nose, pain associated with being hit, anxiety and shock. A Foreign object in the nose can also be a sign and symptom and cause for the nose bleed.
The first aid treatment for a nose bleed is fairly simple. Pinch the victims nose firmly with a thumb and forefinger just above the nostrils where the nasal bone meets the cartillage. Keep the victims head facing towards the ground and hold, or get the victim to hold the nose in the previously mentioned position for atleast 20 minutes to allow a clot to form. A cool ice pack can be applied to the victims forehead and neck to promote clotting. Careful applying the ice pack as it can increase levels of shock and anxiety and make the victim more uncomfortable. If the nose bleed lasts for more than 20 minutes or if the victim is significantly distressed contact E.M.S.
If the victim has a foreign object in the nose, remove the object gently if it can be seen, grasped and will not create further harm. If the object is far within the nose advise the victim to seek medical attention. DO NOT try to remove the foreign object if it is deep within the nose.
The information within this blog is for information purposes only. To receive a nationally accredited certificate in first aid take one of the many Basic Life Support courses provided by Vancouver First Aid Ltd. We look forward to teaching you in our convenient, comfortable no-pressure classes.