This blog on heat burns is for information purposes only, if you want to receive hands-on and certified training for treating burns take first aid training in Vancouver. The definition of heat burns are tissue injuries that are caused by excess and intense heat such as flames, gas explosion or scalding water. There are two main classifications for burns. Partial thickness burns are burns that affect the upper layer of the skin. Full thickness burns affect all layers of skin including the underlying muscles, nerves and bones. The most common classification is first, second and third degree burns.
First degree burns are the most common injuries the affect only the surface of the skin covering either a large or small area. Touching a hot frying pan for a split second or spilling some hot coffee on your hand typically produce first degree burns.
The symptoms to first degree burns are: Redness, Pain, Mild Swelling, Anxiety and Shock.
Treatment: Flush the burned area with cool, clean water (ex: run it under a cold tap) and continue this process until the heat in the area has reduced. If the burn area is large, includes the face or the neck, or the victim is a small child or infant contact E.M.S.
Second degree burns affect the upper layers of skin and include the symptoms of first degree burns and cause blistering of the skin. Second degree burns are caused by prolonged exposure to intense heat.
The symtpoms to second degree burns are: the same symptoms as first degree burns but include blistering.
Treatment: Flush the burned area with cold, clean water and cover the affected area with a sterile, dry dressing. DO NOT break open the blisters. If they break on there own then apply a dry sterile dressing and bandage. Tell the victim to seek medical attention for a follow up. If the second degree burn is larger than the palm of your hand, the face or neck is affected, or the victim is a small child or infant, contact E.M.S.
Third degree burns affect all layers of skin including the underlying muscles, nerves and bones.
The signs and symptoms of third degree burns are the same as first and second degree burns plus: Red, black and grey tissue, waxy tight tissue, underlying tissue and organs exposed, pain may be absent in severly affected areas as the nerves might have been damaged.
Treatment: CONTACT E.M.S., flush the burn with cool, clean water, cover the affected area with a clean, dry, sterile dressing, DO NOT break the blisters, if the hands and feet are affected sepearte the fingers and toes with a dressing.
The information provided above is for information purposes only. When in doubt, rescuers should never hesitate to contact E.M.S. Take one of the many First Aid Classes offered by Vancouver First Aid Ltd to receive proper hands-on training in a fun, no pressure environment. We look forward to teaching you!