Foot pain is considered as a vague symptom. Individuals who have been diagnosed with arthritis might suspect that the condition is the cause of the foot pain. There are also other conditions that can cause foot pain, thus it is vital to differentiate between them.
Remember that the foot is comprised of 28 bones connected by a network by muscles, joints, tendons and ligaments. Due to the intricate nature of the foot, various foot conditions can trigger the structure to break down along with pain and inflammation as the consequence.
Possible causes of foot pain
Injury or physical trauma is the common cause of foot pain which often results to sprains or fractures. These injuries often occur once the ankle turns or twists or rolls over beyond its normal range of motion.
Sprains can cause a lot of pain but time and rest can greatly help. The healing process with the help of the RICE method (rest, ice, compression, elevation) is beneficial.
In case the foot pain is caused by a fracture, a doctor should be consulted. If a bone is damaged, the doctor might apply a cast on the foot with the recovery of 4-6 weeks.
Foot pain can also develop without any injury. Excessive strain due to being overweight, congenital deformities, extended use of the foot, aging and even using inappropriate shoes can be considered as factors.
Foot conditions that can cause foot pain
- Arthritis involves the inflammation of the joint.
- Calluses and corns are rough, thick and yellowish skin caused by rubbing or pressure. These form on the balls of the feet or heels. Corns and calluses can be trimmed by shaving off the layers of dead skin using a pumice stone.
- Bunions are evident bumps at the base of the big toe or oftentimes smaller in size that affect the little toe. This condition is often caused by repeated stress.
- Hammer toe causes the toes to curl downward and has the appearance of a claw. The treatment involves the use of a toe pad placed over the angular bone. If the padding could not relieve foot pain, surgery is the last resort.
- Heel spurs are bony overgrowths on the heel bone that causes foot pain.
- Fallen arches or flat feet do not cause any complications. In case foot pain occurs, an orthotic is prescribed by the doctor for support.
- Plantar fasciitis is a sore inflammation of the thick band of tissue under the foot.
Prevention of foot pain conditions
It is vital to avoid issues if possible. Remember that pampering the foot is beneficial. There are measures to keep the feet in optimum condition such as the following:
- Use well-fitting, comfortable shoes that includes cushioning and arch support with adequate room in the toe box and for the ball of the foot.
- Select shoes that provide enough support. Avoid those that have a narrow toe box as well as high heels.
- Prior to exercise, always warm up and after the routine, cool down.
- If possible, reduce the load on the feet can help. Try to lose weight and if standing is part of the job, take breaks and sit down when possible.
- Replace walking or running shoes regularly. Remember that shoes do not last forever.