Lyme disease is instigated by bacteria that are carried by infected ticks. If an individual sustained a tick bite and has any of the initial symptoms of Lyme disease, it is best to consult a doctor. Lyme disease can be treated but can lead to detrimental health issues if the treatment was delayed. Many individuals who have Lyme disease do not even know that they have the condition until the symptoms are already advanced. It is important to fully understand the signs and symptoms so that prompt treatment can be started as soon as possible. To learn to recognize and manage the early symptoms of Lyme disease, sign up for first aid class with Vancouver first aid today.
Why Lyme disease is difficult to diagnose?
The issue when diagnosing Lyme disease is not the diagnosis itself. The doctor can confirm that the individual is sick via a physical exam and blood testing. The only issue is that identifying the condition is hard since many do not always know that a tick has bitten.
Most of the symptoms of Lyme disease have similarity to other conditions including the flu. In addition, it is important to note that the ticks that proliferates Lyme disease are small in size and hard to spot even if they are already engorged with blood.
Not all who have Lyme disease are diagnosed right away. Due to this, it is vital to check the skin after being outdoors in wooden areas where ticks are common. It is recommended to wear light-colored clothing that provides an easy contrast to spot the insects. A doctor should be consulted if a rash or sick feeling develops in any area that is prone to tick bites.
What are the early symptoms?
The distinctive symptom of Lyme disease is a rash that appears like a bull’s eye or medically called as erythema migrans. The area that surrounds the tick bite is red and elevated and appears similar to a normal insect bite. The rash often grows in a circle-like pattern that is lighter in color in the middle and darkens on the exterior ring. Nevertheless, not all who are bitten will develop the rash.
The other classic signs of early Lyme disease include headache, muscle aches, fever and fatigue. Take note that the symptoms can occur at any time between 3-30 days after being infected. In case the individual could not remember being bitten, some think that they have the flu and will not connect it with the tick bite and other symptoms.
What are the advanced symptoms?
Some can suffer from more advanced symptoms such as joint pain especially in the knees and a stiff neck. The shooting pain and severe headaches can keep the individual awake at night. Other advanced symptoms of Lyme disease include changes in the heart rhythm and dizziness.
If the condition is not treated for several months, it can lead to serious issues including those that affect the nervous system. Take note that Bell’s palsy which involves the loss of muscular function in the face which is a neurological complication of the disease.
What are the chronic symptoms?
The symptoms include joint pain and swelling, short-term memory issues and extreme fatigue. During this stage, the doctor will recommend dietary changes, counseling and sleep routine changes to help cope with these issues.