It is important to note that peanuts including peanut butter have been considered as one of the main triggers of food allergies. Many individuals all over the globe are allergic to peanuts. The symptoms of peanut allergy often occur abruptly and can be a life-threatening condition.
An allergic reaction typically occurs once the immune system mistakenly identifies the protein present in peanut as a threat. Once the histamine is released, it is responsible for triggering the symptoms of an allergic reaction.
Why peanut butter causes an allergic reaction?
The immunoglobulin is utilized by the body to fight foreign proteins present in foods. In case an individual is allergic to peanut butter, the immune system mistakenly perceives the protein present in peanuts as harmful. Once this occurs, the immunoglobulin antibodies trigger the release of histamine. The moment the histamine is released, it triggers that manifestation of the allergic reactions. You can enroll in a first aid class so that you are prepared to manage an allergic reaction. This course is vital for those who have a family member who is not allergic to peanut butter but to other potential allergens as well.
Potential skin reactions
An individual who has peanut butter allergy can develop hives or rashes. In most cases, the rashes are characterized by red-colored bumps that can resemble eczema. The rashes can tingle, itch and burn. In some cases, the rash is limited on the mouth or face but can also occur in any part of the body. The skin reactions during a peanut butter allergy can also occur once peanuts are ingested or through direct contact depending on the severity of the allergy.
Abdominal cramping and nausea are the most prevalent reactions to peanut butter allergy. In some cases, vomiting and diarrhea can also occur. Essentially, these reactions are only present once peanuts are ingested.
An individual who has peanut butter allergy can suffer from watery eyes, shortness of breath, sneezing, runny or stuffy nose and wheezing. The individual might also feel dizzy or lightheaded. Always bear in mind that these reactions can manifest once the individual directly touches or ingests peanuts or if dust from the peanut shells or peanut itself was inhaled.
What happens during anaphylaxis?
Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening allergic reaction that leads to the swelling of the throat that makes it difficult for the individual to breathe. The other symptoms of this severe reaction include shock, rapid heartbeat and low blood pressure. Individuals who face a higher risk for peanut butter allergy must always watch out for these symptoms. Once they start to manifest, the individual requires immediate medical care. If an injectable epinephrine or EpiPen is available, a shot must be administered to counteract the symptoms. The individual must then be taken to the hospital so that further assessment and care can be provided.