A kidney infection is a form of bacterial infection that affects one or both kidneys. Remember that this infection can be serious since it:
- Permanently damages the kidneys
- Might enter the bloodstream and trigger a dangerous form of infection
- Can cause premature labor among pregnant women
The infections are likely to affect women than men.
What are the possible causes?
A kidney infection typically starts in the bladder or urethra. The bacteria can also spread to the kidneys from infection in a different site in the body.
What are the signs?
The signs of a kidney infection vary from minor to severe and includes the following:
- Sweating or chills
- Appetite loss
- Abdominal or back pain
- Nausea or vomiting
- Issues with urination such as discomfort while urinating or frequent urge to urinate
Management of kidney infection
- Antibiotics are the main form of treatment for a kidney infection. The drug can be taken at home or in a healthcare facility, depending on the seriousness of the infection.
- Oral antibiotics might be taken at home. Treatment is continued at home if the symptoms appear to get better within 24 hours after starting the drug.
- The initial dose of intravenous antibiotic is given by the doctor and continued at home.
- If the individual is seriously sick or if the oral drugs taken at home are not effective, hospitalization is required. The individual is given fluids and medications intravenously and placed under careful monitoring to ensure that the condition of the individual is getting better.
In most cases, antibiotics must be taken for at least 7 days. The bacteria must be eliminated to prevent damage to the kidneys and prevent the infection from recurring.