Prickly heat or heat rash typically occurs in warm, humid conditions. The indications of prickly heat include wide areas of reddened rash or skin. It is important to note that the rash linked with prickly heat tends to vary and might include small-sized transparent blisters, red-colored bumps or flesh-colored elevated bumps. The rash might be itchy and develops due to the blocked sweat ducts. Newborns and individuals who engage in physical activities during warm humid weather face the highest risk for developing the condition.
It is vital to move the individual from the warm humid condition to a cool environment to help treat the prickly heat. Staying in an air-conditioned room or one that has fans can greatly help in reducing the sweating. This might be the only form of treatment required for minor cases of prickly heat. Those who have this condition should only wear loose, lightweight cotton clothes in order to stay cool.
Available topical treatments
The application of powders or creams on the skin can help minimize the symptoms linked with prickly heat. Powders such as baby powder or talcum can help keep the skin dry as well as provide comfort to the individual.
Calamine lotion can also minimize the itchiness. The topical steroids can also be used to minimize the reaction in the skin such as redness but will not cool down the skin. Lanolin that is applied on the skin can help prevent the development of clogged sweat ducts as well as minimize the risk for new lesions to form on the skin.
Prickly heat can be itchy and bothersome for many individuals. When the affected skin is scratched, sores are more likely to develop. The presence of bacteria or dirt under the fingernails can easily transfer to the open sores while scratching. After the introduction of bacteria into the open sore, an infection is likely to occur. Oral antibiotics can help manage skin infections.
How to avoid irritants
It is vital to avoid using any products as well as conditions that can worsen the prickly heat. Remember that this condition will generally subside in about a week unless further irritation on the skin occurs.
Individuals who are suffering from prickly heat should avoid wearing constricted clothing that can cause irritation to the skin. After taking a bath using mild soap, the individual must air dry and avoid drying using a towel. Some lotions, creams and ointments can cause further blockage on the sweat glands as well as pores. These products also retain heat in the skin and the blockage can continue to worsen the condition.