The exact cause of Crohn’s disease is still unknown. It is likely that the condition is partly inherited that results to the irregular response of the immune system in the GI tract.
How is the condition managed?
The treatment for Crohn’s disease usually depends on the type and its severity. Since the condition can oftentimes go into a state of remission on its own, it is not always possible to figure out if a specific form of treatment has been effective. Once the condition is in an active state, the treatment is aimed on alleviating the symptoms, regulating the inflammation as well as correcting any nutritional deficiencies.
Medications are essentially the initial step in managing Crohn’s disease. Some of these drugs include antibiotics, anti-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroids, immune-suppressing medications and anti-diarrheal drugs. Those who suffer from nutritional deficiencies are usually given supplements.
Even though surgery could not cure Crohn’s disease, it is oftentimes required for cases in which the symptoms do no respond to medications. The surgery can be done to fix any perforations, blockages or bleeding in the intestine. It is sad to note that the condition often recurs to the area adjacent to where the inflamed region was taken out. It is vital that the individual consults his/her doctor regarding all possible options before choosing the surgical approach.
How can I manage the condition?
When managing Crohn’s disease, it is important to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Remember that this is vital even if the disorder goes into remission for an extended period of time.
- Regular exercise
- Eating a healthy diet
- Avoid smoking
As long as proper treatment and management are carried out, those who have Crohn’s disease are able to lead active and healthy lifestyles.