Mononucleosis is a viral infection defined by fatigue, severe sore throat and enlarged glands. Once an individual is infected by the Epstein-Barr virus, he/she can infect others who are exposed to saliva.
If symptoms manifest, they can last for 2-4 weeks. The virus can be spread to others via saliva up to 3 months after the symptoms subside.
How does it spread?
The Epstein-Barr virus spreads from one individual to another via saliva and other bodily fluids. This is the reason why it is known as the “kissing disease”.
How to lower the risk for transmission
Mononucleosis can be prevented with the following measures:
- Avoid close contact with infected individuals
- Avoid kissing or sharing personal items such as utensils, toothbrushes, glasses, straws or food
- Keep the body healthy with a balanced diet, regular exercise and adequate sleep
- Regular hand washing
If an individual is infected, he/she can prevent spreading the virus with these measures:
- Stay home and get enough rest until the symptoms subside
- Avoid kissing or sharing any personal items with others
- Regularly wash hands
When to consult a doctor
If an individual is suspected with mononucleosis, he/she might have the following symptoms:
In case the symptoms worsen or last more than 1-2 days, set an appointment with a doctor.